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* By the late nineteenth century, baseball was widely recognized as the national sport of the United States. Baseball on the professional, amateur, and youth levels is now popular in North America,parts of Central and South America and the Caribbean, and parts of East and Southeast Asia. The game is sometimes referred to as hardball in contrast to the derivative game of softball.
A 2005 book,by David Block, and more recently uncovered historical evidence suggest that the game originated in England
By the early 1830s, there are reports of a variety of uncodified bat-and-ball gamesrecognizable as early forms of baseball being played around North America.
The once widely accepted story that Abner Doublesday invented baseball in Cooperstown, New York, in 1839 has been debunked bysports historians.
* Baseball is a bat-and-ball sport played between two teams of nine players each. The goal of baseball is to score runs by hitting a thrown ball with a bat and touching a series offour markers called bases arranged at the corners of a ninety-foot square, or diamond. Players on one team (the batting team) take turns hitting against the pitcher on the other team (the fieldingteam), which tries to stop them from scoring runs by getting hitters out in any of several ways. A player on the batting team can stop at any of the bases and hope to score on a teammate's hit. Theteams switch between batting and fielding whenever the fielding team gets three outs. One turn at bat for each team constitutes an innig; nine innings make up a professional game. The team with the mostruns at the end of the game wins.
* There are three basic tools of baseball: the ball, the bat, and the glove.
* Uniform
Shirt and pants worn by all players, coaches and managers. Each teamgenerally has a unique pattern of colors and designs. Traditionally, the home team's uniform is white with the team's nickname, and the visiting team's is gray with (usually, but not always) the...
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