Abortion is one of the most controversial issues discussed in the United States today. It is a procedure to end pregnancy through the use of medicine or surgery to remove the embryo or fetus from the women’s uterus. Many politicians and religious organizations believe abortion is “murder”, while others believe that we live in a democracy and women shouldhave the right to have a choice to decide whether to go through a pregnancy and it’s implications or to have an abortion due to the circumstances of her life.
Abortion was not traditionally treated as a crime in Western law. Under the English common law, abortion was tolerated even if performed in late pregnancy, and in the United States, no laws prohibited it until the 19th century. When suchlaws were passed they were motivated by three major concerns, first a desire to discourage illicit sexual activity; second, the general belief that abortion was an unsafe medical procedure; and third, the feeling in some circles that it was morally wrong to kill an unborn baby ( Rachels 99).
Attitudes toward abortion became more liberal in the late 20th cent. By the 1970s, abortion had beenlegalized in most European countries and Japan; in the United States, under a 1973 Supreme Court ruling, Roe vs. Wade, abortions are permitted during the first six months of pregnancy ( “abortion”). Roe vs. Wade a case decided in 1973 by the U.S. Supreme Court. Along with Doe v. Bolton, this decision legalized abortion in the first trimester of pregnancy. While establishing the right to an abortion, thisdecision gave states the right to intervene in the second and third trimesters of pregnancy to protect the woman and the "potential" life of the unborn child ( “Roe vs. Wade”).The crucial question in the debate over abortion is whether a fetus should be regarded as a person. If it were a person, then killing it can be judged to be the moral equivalent of murder; if it is not a person, then a morelenient attitude toward abortion can be taken. In Roe vs. Wade, the Supreme Court declined to say whether the fetus is a person in the ordinary, the court did hold that a fetus is not a person in the legal sense, and so has no constitutionally protected rights of it’s own
( Rachels 99).
Is it worse to take away the life of an unborn child that is not even aware of
itself, or a motherhaving an unwanted child in this world knowing that she doesn’t
want to take care of, and that child will suffer the circumstances of her life.
Unexpected issues in anyone’s life can change the pathways of life itself, Jodi writes about the story of a woman with a story to tell: “ Kimberly was at home with her two sleeping children when her estranged husband, high on meth-amphetamines andangry about their impending divorce, showed up at her door last September. "He came in and said he wanted to talk about child-support payments. We were fighting about everything. The divorce was not final, he raped me "(22). A woman in this position should be able to decide whether to have a child or not because in first place she didn’t even decide to have sex, and second it would be harmful fora child to be brought up in such a dysfunctional environment. The ability of a woman to have a choice can save a child from an abusive and hate environment.
The claim of the right of abortion as an option is established by the definition of
a voluntary pregnancy, one of responsibility of our reproductive capacity. The
legitimacy of abortion parts from the exercise of making our owndecisions.The social
and gender inequity can deprive our moral capacity in some of us to the point that
abortion doesn’t even appear as an option, a voluntary decision. Women who felt
depressed over the decision were mainly those who did it under pressure, by significant
persons or by violent controlling persons ( Colon 159).
Anti-abortionist argue and assert that life is present from...