Abuso infantil

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  • Publicado : 28 de noviembre de 2010
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Celeste Balleza
Research Paper
Child Abuse: an unnecessarily issue with long-term consequences in children

“Child abuse is a problem no one really talks about. Abuse and neglect is the number 1 cause of injury to children in the country. More children die of abuse or neglect than of natural causes” Donna Miller.
Unfortunately, nowadays people lives in a society full of violence wherechildren does not have a way out, they live and suffer this situation in their homes, in school, in every place they are at risk. Child abuse has become an increasing worldwide problem, and its presence is more evident every time. But, what is the definition of child abuse? According to Medline Plus, child abuse is doing something or failing to do something that results in harm to a child or puts achild at risk of harm; neglect, or not providing for a children needs, is also a form of abuse.
Child abuse, although there are organizations working to eliminate it, is a worldwide issue that, sadly, is still present and makes children to have long-term consequences, especially the ones referring to physical and emotional problems that, even with treatment, leave in their hearts an invisible butdeep scar.
The purpose of this research paper is to give real arguments based on reliable sources, about how children suffer when they are in the wrong hands and being abused, causing those physical and emotional problems in their lives. The research paper is divided first in the physical problems and then in emotional ones, giving for each one definitions, signs, statistics, effects and sometestimonials in order to reach the purpose of the paper.
How can physical child abuse be defined? Darlene Barriere, a violence and abuse prevention educator that grew up in an extreme violent home and suffered abuse effects, defines physical child abuse as “any physical force or action that results in or may result in a non-accidental injury of a child” (Barriere). She also explains that physicalabuse is connected (not always) to physical punishment or is confused with child discipline.
What the author mentions is important to consider because many parents, specially single mothers or first time mothers, seems to confuse discipline with violence, hitting or screaming to their children and slapping them whenever they do something wrong or does not obey the person in charge.
Barriere alsoincludes a list of signs that can be detected in order to know that a child is being physically abused. This list includes bruising, beatings, burning, choking and hanging, smothering and drowning, poisoning, hair pulling, pushed from heights, the Shaken Baby Syndrome and the Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy.
“Shaken Baby Syndrome is the term that is used to describe a form of child abuse caused byvigorously shaking an infant, often in anger, to get a child to stop crying or whining…results in a severe or permanent brain injury, spinal-cord injuries, bleeding in the eyes, and even death” (MedicineNet)
70% of perpetrators are male and are often the father of the victim. From 1997 to 2000, Shaken Baby Syndrome was the highest cause of death for infants killed by family members at 36%.“Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy (MSBP) is a parenting disorder in which the parent either fabricates an illness or induces an illness in their child…the offending parent is almost always the mother, she usually appears to be a model mother, there is little or no indication of family discord” (MedicineNet)
MSBP is very difficult to prove, in part, because this form of physical child abuse is so difficultto believe. Often, it is only suspected after a child is repeatedly admitted to hospital for treatment.
Barriere says that physical child abuse effects vary from child to child, depending on six factors:
1. Severity of the physical abuse
2. Frequency of the physical abuse
3. Age of the child when physical abuse began
4. Children relationship to the abuser
5. Availability of...
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