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AC/DC are an Australian rock band, formed in 1973 by brothers Malcolm and Angus Young. Although the band are commonly classified as hard rock and are considered a pioneer of heavy metal,[1][2] they have always classified their music as rock and roll.[3] To date they are one of the highest grossing bands of all time. AC/DC underwent several line-up changes before releasing their first album, HighVoltage, in 1975. Membership remained stable until bassist Mark Evans was replaced by Cliff Williams in 1978 for the album Powerage. Within months of recording the album Highway to Hell, lead singer and co-songwriter Bon Scott died on 19 February 1980, after a night of heavy alcohol consumption. The group briefly considered disbanding, but Scott's parents urged them to continue and hire a newvocalist. Ex-Geordie singer Brian Johnson was auditioned and selected to replace Scott. Later that year, the band released their highest selling album, Back in Black.
The band's next album, For Those About to Rock We Salute You, was their first album to reach number one in the United States. AC/DC declined in popularity soon after drummer Phil Rudd was fired in 1983 and was replaced by future Diodrummer Simon Wright, though the band resurged in the early 1990s with the release of The Razors Edge. Phil Rudd returned in 1994 (after Chris Slade, who was with the band from 1990–1994, was asked to leave in favour of him) and contributed to the band's 1995 album Ballbreaker. Stiff Upper Lip was released in 2000 and was well received by critics. Since then, the band has stayed the same with the1980–1983 lineup. The band's next album, Black Ice, was released on 20 October 2008. It was their biggest hit on the charts since For Those About to Rock, reaching #1 on all the charts eventually.[4] AC/DC's newest album, Iron Man 2, soundtrack to the film, was released on 19 April 2010.
As of 2010, AC/DC have sold more than 200 million albums worldwide,[5] as of the releases of their latest albums,Black Ice and the Iron Man 2 soundtrack, including 71 million albums in the United States.[6] Back in Black has sold an estimated 49 million units worldwide, making it the highest-selling album by any band and the second-highest-selling album in history, behind Thriller by Michael Jackson.[7][8] The album has sold 22 million in the US alone, where it is the fifth-highest-selling album.[9] AC/DCranked fourth on VH1's list of the "100 Greatest Artists of Hard Rock"[10][11] and were named the seventh "Greatest Heavy Metal Band of All Time" by MTV.[12] In 2004, AC/DC were ranked number 72 in the Rolling Stone list of the "100 Greatest Artists of All Time
Background and name
Brothers Malcolm, Angus, and George Young were born in Glasgow, Scotland, and moved to Sydney with most oftheir family in 1963. George was the first to learn to play the guitar. He became a member of the Easybeats, one of Australia's most successful bands of the 1960s. In 1966, they became the first local rock act to have an international hit, with the song "Friday on My Mind".[14] Malcolm followed in George's footsteps by playing with a Newcastle, New South Wales, band called the Velvet Underground(not to be confused with the New York–based Velvet Underground).[15]

The band's logo was designed in 1977 by Gerard Huerta. It first appeared on the international version of Let There Be Rock
Malcolm and Angus Young developed the idea for the band's name after their older sister, Margaret Young, saw the initials "AC/DC" on a sewing machine.[16] "AC/DC" is an abbreviation meaning "alternatingcurrent/direct current" electricity. The brothers felt that this name symbolised the band's raw energy, power-driven performances, and a love for their music.[16][17][18] "AC/DC" is pronounced one letter at a time, though the band are popularly known as "Acca Dacca" in Australia.[19][20]
] Early years (the Dave Evans era, 1973–1974)
In November 1973 Malcolm and Angus Young formed AC/DC and...
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