Addicions

Solo disponible en BuenasTareas
  • Páginas : 5 (1102 palabras )
  • Descarga(s) : 0
  • Publicado : 13 de enero de 2011
Leer documento completo
Vista previa del texto
WHO
(World Health Organization)

* President: Brenda Bautista Hernández
* Moderator: David Contreras Garza
* Assesor: Leonardo Luna Garza

BACKGROUND PAPER

* Topic A: Health Problems Caused by Addictions
* Topic B: Sexually Transmitted Diseases.
WHO (World Health Organization)
WHO is the directing and coordinating authority for health within theUnited Nations system, it is responsible for providing leadership on global health matters, shaping the health research agenda, setting norms and standards, articulating evidence-based policy options, providing technical support to countries and monitoring and assessing health trends.
In the 21st century, health is a shared responsibility, involving equitable access to essential care and collectivedefense against transnational threats.

Topic A: Health problems caused by addictions.
WHO helps people with health problems and addictions. Nowadays, in the world, there are many problems caused by addictions.
The most common are: Drinking alcoholic beverage s, smoking tobacco, and the abuse of drugs.
Gambling, is another addiction that causes mental problems and in some cases a permanentdisorientation, it commonly leads you to drink alcohol.
“In many parts of the world, drinking alcoholic beverages is a common feature of social gatherings.”1 Nevertheless, the consumption of alcohol carries a risk of adverse health and social consequences related to its intoxicating, toxic and dependence-producing properties.
In addition to the chronic diseases that may develop in those whodrink large amounts of alcohol over a number of years, alcohol use is also associated with an increased risk of acute health conditions, such as injuries, including from traffic accidents.
Substance abuse or drug abuse can lead to a dependence syndrome, this means you get psychologically affected and you lose control and develop a strong desire and need for the drug.
Policies which influence thelevels and patterns of substance use and related harm can significantly reduce the public health problems attributable to substance use, and interventions at the health care system level can work towards the restoration of health in affected individuals.
Tobacco products are made entirely or partly of leaf tobacco as raw material, which are intended to be smoked, sucked, chewed or snuffed. Each ofthem contains the highly addictive psychoactive ingredient, nicotine.
Tobacco affects both people who smoke and people that don’t. Those who don’t smoke and are affected are named passive smokers; they get to breath the air, and eventually their lungs and organs are affected.
Tobacco use is one of the main risk factors for a number of chronic diseases, including cancer, lung diseases, andcardiovascular diseases. What happens with these diseases is that the organs get dirty and can’t work well anymore. Despite this, it is common throughout the world. A number of countries have legislation restricting tobacco advertising, and regulating who can buy and use tobacco products, and where people can smoke.
In WHO, there are two programs that are helping these problems, one is calledManagement of substance abuse that helps the abuse of substance and of alcohol, and the other program is Tobacco Free Initiative (TFI) that help the abuse of tobacco.

1http://www.who.int/topics/alcohol_drinking/en/
1. Does your country have some addiction problem?
2. What addictions does your country have?
3. What are the diseases this addiction produces in your country?
4. What isyour country doing to solve this problem?
5. Does your country have a campaign or program to solve this problem?
Bibliography:
* http://www.who.int/topics/alcohol_drinking/en/
* http://www.who.int/topics/substance_abuse/en
* http://www.who.int/topics/tobacco/en/

Topic B
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
A sexually transmitted disease (STD), also known as sexually transmitted...
tracking img