Adverbs modify, or tell us more about other words, usually verbs:
← The bus moved slowly.
← The bears ate greedily.
Sometimes they tell us more about adjectives:
← You look absolutely fabulous!
They can also modify other adverbs:
← She played the violin extremely well.
← You're speaking too quietly.
←Time goes quickly.
← He walked slowly to the door.
← She certainly had an interesting life.
← He carefully picked up the sleeping child.
If the adjective ends in “y”, replace the “y” with “I” and add “ly”
← Easy- easily
← Lucky- luckily
If the adjective ends in “able”, “ible”, or “le”, replace the “e” with “y”
← Terrible- terribly
If the adjective ends in '-ic', add '-ally':
Note: Exception: public - publicly
KINDS OF ADVERBS
There are several classes or 'kinds' of adverbs that we use for specific functions:
← Adverbs of manner
← Adverbs of place
← Adverbs of time
← Adverbs of certainty← Adverbs of degree
← Interrogative adverbs
← Relative adverbs
← Viewpoint and commenting adverbs
ADVERBS OF MANNER
Adverbs of manner tell us how something happens. They are usually placed after the main verb or after the object
← …Well (after the main verb)
← …Slowly, quickly
← …Softly, loudly
← …Beautifully← …Greedily (after the object)
The adverb shouldn’t be put between the verb and the object
The position of the adverb is important when there is more than one verb in a sentence. If the verb is placed after a clause, then it modifies the whole action described by the clause.
ADVERBS OF PLACE
Adverbs of place tell us where something happens.
They are usually placed after the main verb orafter the object.
← …Away, up, down, around
← …Home, out, back
|backwards |northwards |
|forwards |southwards |
|downwards |eastwards |
|upwards |westwards |
|inwards |homewards ||outwards |onwards |
Other adverbs of place: ending in “-wards”, expressing movement in a particular direction.
← Towards is a preposition not an Adverb.
ADVERBS OF TIME
Adverbs of time tell us when an action happened, but also for how long, and how often.
← When: today, yesterday, later, now, last year
← For how long: all day, not long,for a while, since last year
← How often: sometimes, frequently, never, often, yearly
Adverbs that can be used in these two positions:
ADVERBS OF CERTAINTY
Adverbs of certainty express how certain or sure we feel about anaction or event.
certainly, definitely, probably, undoubtedly, surely
BE CAREFUL! With surely. When it is placed at the beginning of the sentence, it means the speaker thinks something is true, but is looking for confirmation:
Surely you've got a bicycle?
ADVERBS OF DEGREE
Adverbs of degree tell us about the intensity or degree of an action, an adjective or another adverb.
Almost, nearly,quite, just, too, enough, hardly, scarcely, completely, very, extremely.
Adverbs of degree are usually placed:
Before the adjective or adverb they are modifying:
e.g. The water was extremely cold.
Before the main verb:
e.g. He was just leaving. She has almost finished.
Enough, very, too
Enough as an adverb meaning 'to the necessary degree' goes after adjectives and adverbs.