ADVERBS OF MANNER
Adverbs of manner tell us how something happens. They are usually placed after the main verb orafter the object.
* He swims well, (after the mainverb)
* He ran... rapidly, slowly, quickly..
* She spoke... softly, loudly, aggressively..
* James coughed loudly to attract her attention.
* He plays the flute beautifully. (after theobject)
* He ate the chocolate cake greedily.
BE CAREFUL! The adverb should not be put between the verb and the object:
* He ate greedily the chocolate cake [incorrect]
* He ate thechocolate cake greedily [correct]
If there is a preposition before the object, e.g. at, towards, we can place the adverb either before the preposition or after the object.
* The childran happily towards his mother.
* The child ran towards his mother happily.
Sometimes an adverb of manner is placed before a verb + object to add emphasis:
* He gently woke the sleeping woman.
Somewriters put an adverb of manner at the beginning of the sentence to catch our attention and make us curious:
* Slowlyshe picked up the knife.
(We want to know what happened slowly, who didit slowly, why they did it slowly)
However, adverbs should always come AFTER intransitive verbs (=verbs which have no object).
* The town grew quickly
* He waited patiently
Also, thesecommon adverbs are almost always placed AFTER the verb:
The position of the adverb is important when there is more than one verb in a sentence. If theadverb is placed after a clause, then it modifies the whole action described by the clause.
Notice the difference in meaning between the following pairs of sentences:
* She quickly agreed to re-typethe letter (= her agreement was quick)
* She agreed to re-type the letter quickly (= the re-typing was quick)
* He quietly asked me to leave the house (= his request was quiet)