I am Agustín Cosme Damián de Iturbide y Aramburu (27 September 1783 – 19 July 1824) was a Mexican Army General who built a successful political and military coalition that was able to march intoMexico City on 27 September 1821; decisively ending the Mexican War of Independence. After the liberation of Mexico was secured, he was proclaimed President of the Regency in 1821 and ConstitutionalEmperor of the new nation, reigning as Emperor briefly from 19 May 1822 to 19 March 1823, and he is credited as the original designer of the first Mexican flag.
Although Iturbide's reign wasshort, it defined the pre- and post-independence political struggles that Mexico would endure until the 20th century. The two ends of Mexico's political spectrum—liberals that favored populistrepresentative government and conservatives that favored a more dictatorial regime—would struggle, each gaining the upper hand at various times from Iturbide’s abdication.
Life before the war of independenceMy name was Agustín Cosme Damián de Iturbide y Aramburu I borned in what was called Valladolid, now Morelia, the state capital of Michoacán on 27 September 1783. I was baptized with the names ofSaints Cosmas and Damian at the cathedral there. I was the fifth child born to my parents but I was the only male to survive and inherit his family’s Basque Iturbide name. My parents were part ofthe privileged class of Valladolid, owning farmland such as the haciendas of Apeo and Guaracha as well as lands in nearby Quirio. My father, Joaquin de Iturbide, came from a Basque noble family whoreceived their title from King Juan II of Aragon. One of his ancestors, Martin de Iturbide, was mayor of Valle de Baztanen in 1432, and thereafter many in the family held political positions in the Basqueregion from the 15th century on. As Joaquin was not the eldest and would not inherit the family lands in Spain, he moved to New Spain to seek his fortune there. While the noble and Spanish lineage...
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