Albania

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This article is about the modern state. For other uses, see Albania (disambiguation).
Republic of Albania
Republika eShqipërisë

Flag Coat of arms

Motto:
"Ti, Shqipëri, më jep nder, më jep emrin Shqiptar"
(Albanian)
"You, Albania give me honor, give me the name Albanian"
Anthem: Himni i Flamurit(Albanian)
"Hymn to the Flag"





Location of Albania (green) in Europe (dark grey) — [Legend]

Capital
(and largest city) Tirana
41°20′N 19°48′E / 41.333°N 19.8°E / 41.333; 19.8Official language(s) Albanian1
Ethnic groups 95% Albanians,[1]
3–6% Greeks,[1][2]

2% others[1]
Demonym Albanian
Government Unitary parliamentary republic
- President Bujar Nishani
-Prime Minister Sali Berisha
Legislature Parliament
Formation
- Principality of Arbër 1190
- League of Lezhë 2 March 1444
- Independence from the Ottoman Empire 28 November 1912- Recognized by the Great Powers 29 July 1913
- Current Constitution 28 November 1998
Area
- Total 28,748 km2 (143rd)
11,100 sq mi
- Water (%) 4.7
Population
- July 2012estimate 2,831,741 (137th)
- 2011 census 2,831,741
- Density 98.5/km2 (63)
251.11/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2011 estimate
- Total $24.910 billion[3]
- Per capita $7,741[3]
GDP (nominal) 2011estimate
- Total $12.847 billion[3]
- Per capita $3,992[3]
Gini (2005) 26.7[4] (low)
HDI (2011) 0.739[5] (high) (70th)
Currency Lek (ALL)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
- Summer (DST)CEST (UTC+2)
Date formats dd/mm/yyyy
Drives on the right
ISO 3166 code AL
Internet TLD .al
Calling code 355
1 Vlach, Greek, Macedonian, and other regional languages, aregovernment-recognized minority languages.
Albania (i/ælˈbeɪniə/ al-BAY-nee-ə, Albanian: Shqipëri/Shqipëria; Gheg Albanian: Shqipnia), officially known as the Republic of Albania (Albanian: Republika e Shqipërisë...
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