In 1905, when he was an unknown young physicist was employed at the Patent Office in Bern, Switzerland, published his theory of special relativity. Asshe entered, a simple theoretical framework, based on simple physical principles, concepts and phenomena studied earlier by Henri Poincaré and Hendrik Lorentz. Probably the most famous equation ofphysics at the grassroots level, is the mathematical expression of mass-energy equivalence, E = mc ², he deduced as a logical consequence of this theory. That same year he published another work that wouldlay some of the foundations of statistical physics and quantum mechanics.
In 1915, he presented the theory of general relativity, which reformulated the whole concept of gravedad.2 One consequencewas the emergence of the scientific study of the origin and evolution of the universe by the branch of physics called cosmology. In 1919, when British observations of a solar eclipse confirmed hisprediction about the bending of light, was idolized by the prensa.3 Einstein became a popular icon of science world-famous, a privilege available to very few scientists .
In their explanation of thephotoelectric effect and his many contributions to theoretical physics in 1921 won the Nobel Prize in Physics and not by the theory of relativity, as the scientist who is tasked to evaluate, notunderstood, and feared the risk of eventually found it was errónea.4 5 At that time was still considered somewhat controversial by many scientists.
Before the rise of Nazism in December 1932, the scientistleft Germany to the United States, where he taught teaching at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton. Became U.S. citizen in 1940. During his last years he worked to integrate into a single...