This essay is about one problem that now at days is very
“ normal” : The alcoholism in my country , Chile.
Includes information about the statics and specific information about the people with this problem
Its important to be informed about this situation because we can’t disregard this reality that afect our society.
We never now when this couldhappened to someone we love, and it is important know how to act in this situation
Exposition of the topic
According to the psychiatrist at the University of Chile and member of the Dual Pathology Unit of the Psychiatric Hospital Complex Dependencies El Peral, Daniel Martinez, the problems of alcoholism or units have a biological, psychological and social.
The expert's analysis is based on theFourth National Survey on Drug Use in Chile by the CONACE in 2000 that was applied to 44 421 people between 12 and 64 years old, and representing 7,779,905 individuals nationwide.
The survey states that 133 292 people declared consume every day, 1,105,483 people say they consume alcohol on weekends and occasionally consume declare 2,679,229 in the month. To understand these figures, it isimportant to consider that traditional alcoholism implies that tolerance has developed, increasing the dose and the inability to stop drinking alcohol withdrawal symptoms, which means that there is a habit and physical dependence.
Diligent national epidemiological studies have indicated the magnitude of the problem of alcoholism, highlighting the different impact that this has by the condition of thelife of the individual. In adults, the national figure reached 12.6 percent, which is in itself alarming and excessive, because it is thought that an alcoholic is a permanently attached intoxicated, impaired, ie chronic or terminal condition. To be strict in the use of the concept, in addition to these individuals should be considered alcoholics to those individuals who are at an earlier stage -moving towards the decline - but also addicted, although they are less obvious because they hide their disease.
In both cases, the patients who need to be drinking alcohol on a daily or regular basis: in some months of the year, weekends or evenings. In either situation, the subjects often come to the condition of drunkenness or semi-drunkenness, because they have a very strong appetite foralcohol, compulsive, that will not stop the intake of one or two daily doses, as in the normal subject.
In a national study designed to ascertain the trend of alcoholism in time, we compared the prevalence of the disease in Santiago in 1958 over that of 1982. The first finding was that the numbers in the population of young and mature adults (20-65 years) had not changed significantly in a decade,which seemed somewhat reassuring However, when considering the group of adolescents aged 15 to 19 years we noticed that the rate had increased from 0.4 percent in 1958 to two percent in 1982. That is, had increased fivefold. In over 65 years the rate had doubled.
From the standpoint of health figures, two facts are obvious. One is that the decline in life expectancy of the so-called "problemdrinkers", is 19 years for women and eight years in men, the other is that cirrhosis is the third leading cause of death in our country, so the vast majority of alcohol-induced cirrhosis.
Diseases caused by alcohol abuse
Liver Cirrhosis: Chronic liver disease causes progressive death of normal liver tissue and its replacement by fibrous tissue, leading to the inability of the liver fordetoxification exercise their functions in the body (liver failure), phenomena of bleeding (coagulopathy), increased pressure in the portal vein, which causes accumulation of fluid in the abdomen (ascites) and dilated veins dangerous of the esophagus (esophageal varices) and alterations in the brain, drowsiness and disorientation due to the circulation of blood ammonia ( hepatic encephalopathy)....