Análisis de los medios mexicanos

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MEXICO: Media analysis,
Economic and social structure

Mass Communication
José Arturo Rojas Gutiérrez
Paulina Conde Lugo
Istituto Europeo Di Design
Barcelona, Spain
14/12/2011

Index

Introduction: Contemporary situation, media overview…………..……………………………………Pg.3
History of democracy in México…………………………………………………………………………………….Pg.6
Representation pluralism: Politicalparties……………………………………………………………………Pg.7
Role of the state……………………………………………………………………………………………………………Pg.9
Press industry……………………………………………………………………………………………………………..Pg.10
Journalist professionalization……………………………………………………………………………………..Pg.11
Political Interference in the media………………………………………………………………………………Pg.12
Political Parallelism………………………………………..…………………………………………………………..Pg.14
Regulatory authorities………………………………………………………………………………………………..Pg.15Conclusions…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………Pg.16
Online resources…………………………………………………………………………………………………………Pg.17

México: Media analysis, economic and social structure.

Full name: United Mexican States
Population: 114.6 million (UN, 2011)
Capital: Mexico City
Area: 1.96 million sq km (758,449 sq miles)
Official language: Spanish
Main religion: Christianity
Life expectancy: 75years (men), 80 years (women) (UN)
Currency: 1 peso = 100 centavos
Main exports: Machinery and transport equipment, mineral fuels and lubricants, food and live animals
GNI per capita: US $8,920 (World Bank, 2009)
Internet domain: .mx
International dialing code: +52
* ame:
Mexico is a nation-state where affluence, poverty, natural majesty and urban postmodernism can all be found.Currently, it faces many challenges as the population and the socioeconomic gap increase day to day.

It has the second-largest economy in Latin America and is a major oil producer and exporter. Though production has fallen in the last few years, about one-third of the Mexican revenues still come from this industry. Much of the crude is bought by the US.

We have lived in a severe economical crisissince the late fifties, but prosperity remains a dream for many of us, even when the socio-economic gap keeps getting wider. Rural areas are often ignored and huge towns surrounding the main cities keep growing without planification. This social class polarization has led to many poor Mexicans trying to cross the border with the USA in search for a job, translating into many arrests, human rightsirregularities and diplomatic problems.

In Mexico, the minimum wage is 54 pesos a day. In perspective, as of December 11th of 2011 this quantity was similar to 3 Euros. This is the money with which many families have to survive every day. It’s no wonder that people in their desperation try to obtain more in a dishonest way: stealing, kidnapping, crossing the border illegally, corrupting, etc.Contemporary situation

When it comes to politics, for 70 years, Mexico was governed by the Institutional Revolutionary Party - actually a one-party system disguised as a democracy - but in 1997 elections, we saw a resurgent opposition break by the National Action Party, it was until 2000 that this opposition party won the elections led by Vicente Fox Quesada.

Felipe Calderon, from theconservative National Action Party, was declared winner 2006 presidential election with a lead of less than a percentage point over his left-wing rival, Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador. One of Calderon’s defining characteristics of his presidency has been his war on drugs, tax evasion tackle, corruption and poverty. He has promised to create jobs, in an effort to stem outward migration, and to pursue majorinfrastructure projects, including roads, airports, bridges and dams. However, Mexico's economy was severely affected by the 2008 crisis, reflecting in the voters’ elections for the Institutional Revolutionary Party as a major force in the Chamber of Deputies.

The Mexican economy is heavily dependent on the money sent home by the millions of migrant workers in...
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