Anglophone poems and short stories

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Lesson 1
Anglophone Poems and Short Stories
Basic literary terms
 Literature: (from Latin, litterae, alphabetical letters) is the art of written work, and is not confined to published sources(although, under some circumstances, unpublished sources can also be exempt). The four major classifications of literature are poetry, prose, fiction, and non-fiction. “Literature” is an all inclusiveterm for poetry, novels, drama short stories, prose: anything written, in fact, with an artistic purpose, rather than merely to communicate information. “Literature” also is an evaluative word: to saythat a novel is “not literature” is to imply that it is badly written, or has for some other reason failed to achieve the status of art. Literatures can be divided according to historical periods,genres, and political influences. Important historical periods in English literature include the 17th Century Shakespearean and Elizabethan times, Middle English, Old English, 19th Century Victorian, theRenaissance, the 18th Century Restoration, and 20th Century Modernism. Important political movements that have influenced literature include feminism, post-colonialism, psychoanalysis,post-structuralism, post-modernism, romanticism and Marxism. Literature is also observed in terms of gender, race and nationality, which include Black writing in America, African writing, Indian writing, women'swriting, and so on.
 Genre: (From French, “type”). The term for a kind or type of literature. The three major genres of literature are the novel (prose), poetry and drama; and these kinds may besubdivided into many other genres, major and minor, such as lyric (elegy, epic, ode, song, sonnet), narrative verse, tragedy, comedy, short story, autobiography, biography, and so on.

 Epiphany: A termin literary criticism for a sudden realization--a flash of recognition in which someone or something is seen in a new light. Adjective: epiphanic.
 James Joyce used the term epiphany to describe...
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