I. General Document Guidelines
A. Margins: One inch (2cm) on all sides (top, bottom, left, right)
B. Font Size and Type : 12-pt. font(Times Roman or Courier are acceptable typefaces)
C. Spacing: Double-space throughout the paper, including the title page, abstract (introduction), body of the document, references, appendixes, footnotes, tables, and figure captions.
D. Alignment: Flush left (creating uneven right margin)
E. Paragraph Indentation : 5-7 spaces F. Pagination: The page number appears one inch from the right edge of the paper on the first line of every page (except Figures), beginning with the title page.
G. Active voice : As a general rule, use the active voice rather than the passive voice. For example, use "We predicted that ..." rather than "It was predicted that ..."
H. Order of Pages : Title Page, Index,Abstract (introduction), Body, Appendixes, Footnotes, Tables, Figure Captions, Figures, Conclusion, Bibliography
II. Title Page
A. Pagination: The Title Page is page 1.
B. Key Elements : Paper title, author(s), institutional affiliation (school), date, teacher.
C. Paper Title: Uppercase and lowercase letters, centered on the page. D. Author(s): Uppercase and lowercase letters, centered on the line following the title.
E. Date: month, day, year
F. Institutional affiliation : Uppercase and lowercase letters, centered on the line following the author(s).
III. Abstract: OR INTRODUCTION The abstract is a one-paragraph, self-contained summary of the most important elements of thepaper.
A. Pagination: The abstract begins on a new page (page 2).
B. Heading: Abstract (centered on the first line below the manuscript page header)
C. Format: The abstract (in block format) begins on the line following the Abstract heading. The abstract should not exceed 120 words. All numbers in the abstract (except those beginning a sentence) shouldbe typed as digits rather than words.
A. Pagination: The body of the paper begins on a new page (page 4). Subsections of the body of the paper do not begin on new pages.
B. Title: The title of the paper (in uppercase and lowercase letters) is centered on the first line.
C. Introduction: (page 3) The introduction(which is not labeled) begins on the line following the paper title.
D. Headings: Headings are used to organize the document and reflect the relative importance of sections. For example, many empirical research articles utilize Method, Results, Discussion, and References headings. In turn, the Method section often has subheadings of Participants, Apparatus, and Procedure. For anexample of APA-formatted headings, go to http://www.vanguard.edu/psychology/headings.pdf
1. Main headings (when the paper has either one or two levels of headings) use centered uppercase and lowercase letters (e.g., Method, Results, Discussion, and References).
2. Subheadings (when the paper has two levels of headings) are italicized and use flush left,uppercase and lowercase letters (e.g., Participants, Apparatus, and Procedure as subsections of the Method section).
V. Text citations: Source material must be documented in the body of the paper by citing the author(s) and date(s) of the sources. The underlying principle is that ideas and words of others must be formally acknowledged. The reader can obtain the full source citation from the list...