Apagones en sistemas de potencia

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  • Publicado : 9 de diciembre de 2011
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POWER SYSTEM STABILITY

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bN;% % '*1()%1"(%W'0+)/+%H%Y(13(/%3#/(%1)#&&#/B;%1"(%+1"()%K^J%6_% 3#/(%#/%F5#1:()3'/.%LF#3$%H%F+':'N%2(,'7(%+0()3+'.(.8% JKC??% H% 1"(% F5#$$% .#$&'1,"%P!c@=F% '$6(.% 1"(% 91'3#'/% .#$> &'1,"% Tc!=% 1+% )(.-,(% 1"(% #7&+)1% +*% 91'34% 24% KJJ%YU% L+/% $,"(.-3(.%0'3-(N;% JKCIVCI?% H% 1"(% $(,+/.% +0()3+'.(.% K^J% 6_% 3#/(% 1)#&&#/B% #/% F5#1:()3'/.%LLF#3$%H%F+':'N;% JKCIVCIV% H% 1"(% 1"#).% +0()3+'.(.% K^J% 6_% 3#/(% 1)#&&#/B%% #/%F5#1:()3'/.;%% JKCIVCIS% H% 1"(% #/1(),+//(,1#+/% 3#/(% @-$1)#'% H% 91'34% LW#(/:% H% F+0()(/:(N%1)#&&#/B% JKCIVCKK% H%1"(% 91'3#'/% &+5()% $4$1(7% $1')1(.% 1+% .#$,+//(,1% *)+7%1"(%OG!P%$4$1(7% @*1()% .#$,+//(,1#+/% 91'34% *)+7% 1"(% OG!P% $4$1(7% 1"(% *)(> D-(/,4% #/% 1"(% 91'3#'/% &+5()% $4$1(7% .)+&&(.% '2)-&134;%

AT&P journal PLUS2 2008

58

POWER SYSTEM STABILITY

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cUP%.#$&'1,"()%#/*+)7(.%P8Q=%=(1:%'2+-1%1"(% $'*(14% 3#7#1% 0'3-(% +/% 1"(% 3#/(% W'/.($2()B(/>U(")(/.+)*% L'/% #/1(),+//(,1#+/% 3#/(% 2(15((/% P8Q=% =(1:% '/.% cUP% !FQN8%W'1()%#/0($1#B'1#+/%-/,+0()(.%.#**()(/1%&)+1(,1#+/$%$(11#/B%+/%1"#$%3#/(8% % [(15((/% IICJV% '/.% IICJX;% 1"(% 3+'.% +/% 1"(% K^J% 6_% 3#/(% W'/.($2()B(/>U(")(/.+)*% #/,)('$(.% '/.% '/% #77(.#'1(% )(',1#+/%+*%c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