Apollinaire

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CALLIGRAM.


Is a poem, phrase, or word in which thetypeface, calligraphy or handwriting is arranged in a way that creates a visual image. The image created by the words expresses visually what the word, or words, say. In a poem, it manifests visuallythe theme presented by the text of the poem.
Guillaume Apollinaire was a famous calligram writer and author of a book of poems called Calligrammes. His poem written in the form of theEiffel Tower is an example of a calligram:

But, who was Guillaume Apollinaire?
Was born the 26 August of 1880 in Rome.
Apollinaire wasone of the most popular members of the artistic community of Montparnasse in Paris. In 1911, he joined the Puteaux Group, a branch of the cubist movement.
He fought in World War I and, in 1916,received a serious shrapnel wound to the temple. He wrote Les Mamelles de Tirésias while recovering from this wound.
He also published an artistic manifesto, L'Esprit nouveau et les poètes.Apollinaire's status as a literary critic is most famous and influential in his recognition of the Marquis de Sade.
Apollinaire's first collection of poetry was L'enchanteur pourrissant (1909), butAlcools (1913) established his reputation.
The poems, influenced in part by the Symbolists, juxtapose the old and the new, combining traditional poetic forms with modern imagery. In 1913, Apollinairepublished the essay Les Peintres cubistes on the cubist painters, a movement which he helped to define.
He also wrote erotic novels who were been banned and cause a lot of escandals.
After hisdeath, Calligrammes, a collection of his concrete poetry (poetry in which typography and layout adds to the overall effect), and more orthodox, though still modernist poems informed by Apollinaire's...
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