Aqua regia

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Aqua regia is primarily used to produce chloroauric acid, the electrolyte in the Wohlwill process. This process is used for refining highest quality (99.999%) gold. Aqua regia is also used in etchingand in specific analytic procedures. It is also used in some laboratories to clean glassware of organic compounds and metal particles. This method is preferred over the "traditional" chromic acidbath for cleaning NMR tubes, because no traces of paramagnetic chromium can remain to later spoil acquired spectra.[3] While chromic acid baths are discouraged because of the high toxicity of chromiumand the potential for explosions, aqua regia is itself very corrosive and has been implicated in several explosions due to mishandling.[4] Due to the reaction between its components resulting in itsdecomposition, aqua regia quickly loses its effectiveness (yet remains a strong acid), so its components are usually only mixed immediately before use. While local regulations may vary, aqua regia may bedisposed of by careful neutralization, before being poured down the sink. If there is contamination by dissolved metals, the neutralized solution should be collected for disposal.[5][6] Aqua regia isprimarily used to produce chloroauric acid, the electrolyte in the Wohlwill process. This process is used for refining highest quality (99.999%) gold. Aqua regia is also used in etching and inspecific analytic procedures. It is also used in some laboratories to clean glassware of organic compounds and metal particles. This method is preferred over the "traditional" chromic acid bath for cleaningNMR tubes, because no traces of paramagnetic chromium can remain to later spoil acquired spectra.[3] While chromic acid baths are discouraged because of the high toxicity of chromium and thepotential for explosions, aqua regia is itself very corrosive and has been implicated in several explosions due to mishandling.[4] Due to the reaction between its components resulting in its decomposition,...
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