Argentina

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Argentina
The name Argentina is derived from the latin argentums (silver). The origin goes back to the first voyages made by the Spanish conqueros to Rio de la Plata.
Principal Information
Official Name : Argentine Republic.
Independence Day : July, 9, 1816.
Surface : Total 2,791,810 km2
Population :32.615.528 habitants..
Capital City : Buenos Aires.
Language : Spanish.Government : Federal, Representative and Republican.
Actual President : Néstor Kirchner
Monetary unit : Peso.
Political Division : 1 federal district and 23 provinces.
Climate : Varies depending in the area.
The civil use a non official flag until 1996. --
Argentine National Emblem was created in March, 1813.
The State and war flag was officially adopted in July, 25, 1816. They haveunique flag since 1996.


HISTORY
The first settlers
A long time ago, thousands of years ago, hunting tribes arrived from the north of the American continent searching for a land to settle down. When they found it, they did not imagine they were laying the lands of a country that would be named Argentina.
The indigenous peoples
The tribes inhabiting the Argentine territory wereessentially nomadic and generally lived by hunting, fishing and gathering. In the 16th century, the confrontation with the Spanish people (conqueror) curtailed their chances of cultural development. After that they tried to survive in time and the history. Today they are an important part of Argentine population.
The Spanish conquest
They strarted the conquest in 16th century. The Spanish shipsbrought white men to form a different world. The communication between native and Spanish people (conquerors) was not good. Many people were born in a climate of violence, pain and blood. These people were the future.
The immigrants' arrival
From the 19th century European men where looking for a place to stay.The plata River was the region received immigratory waves. This wave was formed by Swiss,French, German and Paraguayan people.
The present of Argentine people
In the 20th century Argentine became a complex society. This society produce the tango, soccer and political passions. This nation states by the preamble of the National Constitution: "for all the honorable men who wish to inhabit the Argentine land".


HOLIDAYS
The principal holidays that argentine people celebrateare:
Malvinas Day, April 2. Commemorates the intent of recovery of the Malvinas Islands.
Revolution of May, May 25. Commemorates the establishment of an autonomous government resulting from the revolution on this day in 1810. Known in Argentina as Revolución de Mayo.
Flag Day, June 20.
Independence Day, July 9. Anniversary of the declaration of independence from Spain in 1816.
San MartínDay, August 17. Memorializes the death of José Francisco de San Martín on this day in 1850.
Anniversary of General San Martin, August 17. Honors the liberator of Argentina.
Columbus Day. October 12
Bank Holiday, November 6.
Public holidays
New Year's Day : January 1
Epiphany January 6
Holy Thursday, Good Friday : can be in March or in April
Labor Day, May 1
Corpus Christi : May or JuneAssumption: August 15
All Saints' November 1
Day Immaculate Conception: December 8
Christmas.
FOLKLORE
Argentine have a lot of dances such as :
Tango
Tango is the principal dance that represents the Argentine abroad. This dance has a particular language (lunfardo) certain usages and customs and a characteristic philosophy.
Galopa
This is the second dance population prefers inArgentine.
Others Expressions are:
Rasguido Doble
Valseado
Tanguito Montielero
Chacarera Milonga Cueca
Zamba.

The aboriginal communites also have a some expression such as:
Lacomeo Cordillerana
Kaani.
Chorrillero

ARGENTINE SPORTS
The sports are divided according to their social origin and soccer becomes the first popular sport. Sports like basketball, boxing, car...
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