*Developing a Topic Sentence
✓ Remember that your topic or opinion must be arguable.
✓ It must be open to debate and have different views about it.
✓ One way to testwhether your position is arguable is to state your viewpoint using the words: should or ought.
*Considering Readers´ Knowledge and Opinions
✓ Think about readers who either have no opinionabout your topic or who disagree with your position.
✓ You will have to consider readers´ knowledge and attitudes toward your topic.
*Building an Argument with Relevant Evidence
✓ Thesupporting details must be relevant to the topic and to readers.
✓ Good reasons support a writers´ point by providing specific examples.
✓ Good reasons vary from purpose to purpose and fromaudience to audience.
✓ You may be able to use reasons and evidence that come from your observations or experiences.
*Anticipating Opposing Arguments
✓ Consider readers´ viewpointsand their objections to your position.
✓ A technique for thinking about opposing viewpoints is to brainstorm a ¨for/against¨ list or a ¨pro/con¨ list.
*Avoiding Logical Fallacies
A fallacyis a mistake in reasoning that leads to an illogical statement.
*Two logical fallacies that advancing writers often make in cause-and-affect analysis:
Oversimplifying: the causes of an event ora condition by stating that it had one cause.
Making a false assumption: something caused an event or a condition just because it happened right before the event or the condition.
*Logicalfallacies to avoid in your persuasive paragraphs.
Overgeneralizing by making broad statements that you cannot support in a paragraph (or an essay)
Citing a false authority by supporting a pointwith a quotation from a person who is not an expert on your topic.
Circular Reasoning trying to prove a point by repeating it in different words.
Majority Rule or ¨bandwagon¨ occurs when a writer...