Arquitectura Bus Stop Designs

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  • Publicado : 26 de julio de 2012
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Bus Stop Specification Guidelines

For more information, or to set up an appointment to discuss placement of a bus stop in your design, please contact: Planning Division 360-786-8585
busstops@intercitytransit.com

PUBLIC TRANSIT BUS STOPS AND AMENITIES Intercity Transit and the local jurisdictions use some of the following guidelines in placement and design of public transit bus stopzones and passenger amenities. This is done in order to provide greater passenger, pedestrian and vehicular safety. Bus stops zones should be of adequate length to allow the coach to clear crosswalks and not obstruct traffic. Whenever possible bus stops should be located on the far side of a street intersection to reduce the space required for the bus stop zone and to minimize conflicts betweenbuses re-entering the traffic stream and vehicles making right turns onto cross streets. Population densities generally dictate the number and placement of public transit bus stops. This includes: 1. The Central Business District (CBD) and environs. Bus stops can be placed approximately every 440 feet (9 to 12 per mile or one every 1 to 2 blocks). 2. Urbanized fringe (fully developed areas withmixed apartments, single-family housing, or no open space other than parks and schools) approximately every 700 feet (7 to 8 per mile or every 2 to 3 blocks). 3. Suburban areas (mostly single-family housing with pockets of open space and undeveloped land) every 1,250 feet (4 to 4per mile) as needed in open areas. 4. Generally, new service or route adjustments will not be initiated prior to theestablishment of designated bus stop locations. 5. Bus stops can be initially located on an average of 4 to 6 stops per route mile along local residential collection/distribution segments of a new route. 6. Additional stops may be added if warranted but generally do not exceed the basic stop spacing guidelines of 8 to 10 stops per mile and no two stops within 600 feet of one another unless otherconditions warrant the frequency. 7. In order to evaluate a new route and build ridership, placement of bus stop zones may initially depart from the above warrants. A. Site designs for businesses, residential subdivisions, and multifamily developments along transit routes will accommodate transit use. This may include the location of a building entrance near a transit stop, pedestrian walkways,sheltered or unsheltered transit stops, and/or a bus bay. B. All new bus stops need to comply with the federal “Americans with Disabilities Act” (ADA) requirements, refer to Section 4.3, 4.4, 10.2.1(1) and 2. These documents can be accessed at the following web site: http://www.access-board.gov/adaaba/ final.cfm#a209. All “landing pads,” the area where a bus can deploy an accessible lift or ramp,requires a 2% grade. Bus stops with or without a shelter require a minimum landing pad of 6’ wide X 8’ deep. This can be accomplished in a number of ways, including spanning a planter strip or adding a section to the backside of a sidewalk. Confirmation of any new stop location and design need to be coordinated with Intercity Transit. Intercity Transit contact information is 360-786-8585, emailbusstops@intercitytransit.com.

C. The physical location of any bus stop zone, generally sized for a 40’ bus, will be primarily determined by the following standards: maximizing safety, operational efficiency, and minimizing impacts to adjacent property. Bus pullouts or bulbouts may also be required by a local jurisdiction on arterial and commercial collector roads for safe bus berthing and tominimize impacts on traffic flow of buses stopping. Additionally, a school bus pullout or bulbout may be required on local access roads if road geometries require, such as determined by the local jurisdiction or school district. The Washington State Dept of Transportation’s “Design Manual” also provides some transit stop design features. This manual can be accessed at the WSDOT website:...