RO ME L NÚ CIA E ESP
MINISTERIO DE TRABAJO Y ASUNTOS SOCIALES Secretaría General de Asuntos Sociales
MINUSVAL ESPECIAL Nº 3 - MARZO 2003 - ATENCIÓN TEMPRANA
ATENCIONTEMPRANA OK 31/3/03 15:42 Página 2
EARLY CARE, A CORE FUNDAMENTAL IDEA
THERE ARE MAY SECTORS INVOLVED INEARLY CARE FOR CHILDREN WITH DEFICIENCIES OR AT RISK FROM SUFFERING THEM, THAT ARE RESPONSIBLE FOR GUARANTEEING THE PROPER DEGREE OF ATTENTION TO THEIR NEEDS. INSTITUTIONS, ASSOCIATIONS, PROFESSIONALS, RESEARCHERS AND PARENTS NEED TO JOINTLY PLAN THEIR FORMS OF OPERATING IN ORDER TO IMPROVE THE PRESENT AND FUTURE QUALITY OF LIFE OF THE CHILDREN WHO ARE CARED FOR.
he White Paper on EarlyCare (Madrid, 2000, Real The measures concerning early care —the first experienPatronato sobre Discapacidad [Royal Foundation ces in Spain go back to the decade of the 70’s— both in terms on Disability]) defines this as being the series of of their preventative and their health care aspects, need to be measures, targeted at the child population from 0 aimed at making the most of the potential forwell-being and to 6 years, at their family and setting, that has the objective of the development capacity of the child.They very much have to responding as quickly as possible to the transitory or permatake account of the family and its setting, whatever the field of nent needs that are displayed by children with development activity (health, social or educational) may be. disorders or those thatWithin the degrees of have the risk of suffering early care intervention, them. These measures, the White Paper highthat need to take the lights the importance of “Early Care is the series of measures, overall situation of the primary prevention, targeted at the child population child into account, that which has the goal of is to say, the intra-perpreventing the condifrom 0 to 6 years, at theirfamily and sonal aspects (biological, tions that could lead to setting, that has the objective psycho-social and eduthe appearance of deficational) and inter-perciencies or disorders in of responding as quickly as possible sonal (those related to child development, and their own environment), secondary prevention, to the transitory or permanent needs will need to be planned aimed at detecting thatare displayed by children by a team of professiodisorders and risk situanals of an inter-disciplitions. The speed of thewith development disorders nary or trans-disciplirapeutic action will nary orientation. depend on an early diagor those that have the risk Minusval, in this sinnosis of these. of suffering them” gle issue edition, analyAs regards tertiary ses the current early prevention, whichinclucare situation and its des all the measures evolution, both from targeted at the child, its the perspective of motivation and the emotional and commufamily and its environment, it is worth noting that its goal is nicative viewpoint.The different disorders and disturbances of overcoming the disorders as they develop. the development that are caused by episodes related to health In the followingpages, specialists in early care also and the environment surrounding the child, which will be examine the advances made in the diagnostic process, the determinant in terms of its future evolution and development, task of child development and Early Care centres and the are also tackled. Other risks related to the psycho-social envirole of the family. The quality of Early Care and the ronment,that may have a bearing on proper maturing devetrends for action in the European sphere also merit spelopment, are added to those of a biological nature. cial attention.
ATENCIONTEMPRANA OK 6/4/03 13:17 Página 3
ATENCIÓN TEMPRANA, UN EJE FUNDAMENTAL
SON MUCHOS LOS SECTORES IMPLICADOS EN LA ATENCIÓN TEMPRANA A LOS NIÑOS CON DÉFICITS O CON RIESGO DE PADECERLOS Y...