is the largest state of Australia. With a total area of 2,525,500 km ² covers the western third of the country-continent. Bordered by South Australia and the Northern Territory. In its capital Perth home to two thirds of the total bill in the state. From the economic point of view is a mining state with some wine areas.
The first Europeans to reach the coastof Western Australia were the Dutchmen, who came in search of a route to the Indian spices traveled below 40 degrees south longitude, finding the Australian coast, where many of them stranded their Boats from the seventeenth century. Many of these castaways eventually became permanent inhabitants of these lands. Then in the early nineteenth century, both French and English visited the area,setting some small settlements.
The establishment in the area was crucial for England to dispute the new territories to France. So in 1829, Captain James Stirling in front of a small contingent of free citizens, was established some 16 km from the mouth of the Swan (in English swan, named because of the large number of black swans in the zone), the edge of Mount Eliza. During theearly collision with the natives of the place was constant.
This colony, Perth, was the first initiated by free citizens, until in 1849 began to arrive the first British prisoners from elsewhere in Africa, to be responsible for the construction, inter alia, of public buildings. Many of these buildings are still functioning.
In 1890 gold was discovered at Coolgardie, about 500 km from Perth,which caused a huge migration of people in search of these riches, growing remarkably stable population. Later when the war ravaged Europe, there was a new wave of immigration.
Much of the state is arid desert is home to two: Gibson and Victoria, but also highlights the large number of national parks.
Among the main attractions of the state are:
Namburg National Park,north of Perth, famous for its limestone formations.
Wave Rock, located east of the capital, is a curious rock formation shaped like a wave.
Ningaloo Reef the state's largest reef, situated along the city of Coral Bay, very popular place for divers and whale shark sanctuary.
Kalbarri National Park, a place of high cliffs formed by the rivers.
Purnululu National Park, located north of the statewhere there are some curious cone-shaped hills in the area known as the Bungle Bungle Range.
The southwest corner of Western Australia is relatively temperate and was well forested, including large forests of karri, one of the tallest trees in the world. This agricultural region of Western Australia is in the top nine terrestrial habitats of terrestrial biodiversity, with a highproportion of endemic species than most other equivalent regions. Thanks to the coastal marine Leeuwin Current is listed in the six major areas of marine biodiversity, possessing the southernmost coral reef in the world.
The four-fifths of the state is semiarid or desert and is lightly inhabited and that there is significant mining activity. Annual rainfall averages 200-250 mm, most of whichoccurs in sporadic torrential downpours associated with cyclonic events in the summer months.
The occurrence of snow in the state is rare, and is typical only in the Stirling Range near Albany, as it is the only mountain range far enough south and with the necessary height. More rarely, snow can fall near the Porongurup Chain. Snow outside these areas is an exceptional event, usually occurs inmountainous areas of southwest Australia. The most extensive low-altitude snowfall occurred on 26 June 1956, when the snow was reported in Perth Hills and other surrounding suburbs of Perth. However, even in the Stirling Range, snowfalls rarely exceed 5 cm and rarely settles for more than a day.
Australia Occidental (Western Australia, en inglés) es el mayor de los...