Ballom frame

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American Wood Council

DETAILS FOR
CONVENTIONAL WOOD
FRAME CONSTRUCTION

American
Forest &
Paper
Association

Copyright © 2001
American Forest & Paper Association

1

WOOD CONSTRUCTION DATA 1

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Chapter/Title

Page

Chapter/Title

Page

Introduction ............................................. 3

Firestopping............................................ 8

General Scope ......................................... 3

Draftstopping .......................................... 8

Grade Marking ........................................ 3

Exterior Wall Framing ........................... 8

Lumber Seasoning ................................. 4

Interior Partition Framing .................... 9

TYPES OF FRAME CONSTRUCTION
PlatformFrame ....................................... 4

Framing Around Chimneys and
Fireplaces .......................................... 9

Balloon Frame ......................................... 5

Roof and Ceiling Framing ................. 10

Fastenings ............................................... 5

Insulation and Vapor Retarders ....... 11

Plank and Beam Construction............ 5

Exterior Siding and Coverings ........ 11

Truss-Framed Construction ................. 5

Flooring ................................................. 12

Foundations ............................................. 5

Wood Decks ......................................... 13

Protection Against Termites and
Decay .................................................. 6

Conclusion............................................ 14
Appendix .................................................52

Floor Framing .......................................... 7

LIST OF TABLES
Table
I.
II.

Page

Nominal and Minimum-Dressed Sizes of
Boards, Dimension and Timbers.............. 15
Wood Shingle and Shake Weather
Exposures ................................................. 16Table of Contents

AMERICAN FOREST & PAPER ASSOCIATION

List of Illustrations

2

DETAILS FOR CONVENTIONAL WOOD FRAME CONSTRUCTION

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
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Page

Platform Frame Construction...................... 17
Balloon Frame Construction ....................... 18
Methods of Loading Nails ............................ 18
Sizes of Common Wire Nails ....................... 19
Masonry Foundation Wall and Footing ...... 20
Permanent Wood Foundation - Crawl
space .............................................................. 20
Permanent Wood Foundation Basement....................................................... 21
Sump for Poorly Drained Soils .................... 22
Sump for Medium to Well Drained Soils .... 22
Pier Foundation and Anchorage ................. 23
Clearance Between Earth and Floor
Framing .......................................................... 23
Support for Basement Post ......................... 23
Floor Framing at Exterior Wall.................... 24
Girder Framing in Exterior Wall ................... 24
Termite Shields .............................................. 24
Anchorage of Sill to Foundation Wall ......... 25
Nailing Built-up Beams and Girders ........... 25
Joist End Bearing ......................................... 25
Joist Supported on Ledger .......................... 26
Joist Supported by Metal FramingAnchors .......................................................... 26
Joists Resting on Girder .............................. 26
Joists Resting on Steel Beam ..................... 26
Diagonal Bridging of Floor Joists ............... 27
Solid Bridging of Floor Joists ..................... 27
Framing of Tail Joists on Ledger Strip ....... 28
Framing of Tail Joists by Framing
Anchors...
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