1.0 INTRODUCTION Bamboos are grown in large quantities in many of the North-Eastern states but the available resources are yet to be commercially utilised. Main use is in making houses and mats and baskets. There are many reserved, protected or unclassified forests with huge production of bamboos especially along the low altitude hilly areas where the rainfall is high.Nagaland is not an exception with abundant availability of bamboos. Bamboo shoots are considered as a delicacy in this region and are eaten regularly round the year. 2.0 PRODUCT Tender bamboo shoots are used in many down the line food preparations and are consumed regularly by many households. The project has to be located in the North-East region of India. 2.1 3.0 Compliance under PFA Act ismandatory.
MARKET POTENTIAL Bamboo shoots are a favourite amongst the regional people and many delicacies are made from them. There is a ready market as there are very few processing units whereas demand is increasing. Bamboo shoots processed under hygienic conditions have very good market. Apart from individual households, restaurants, caterers, other eateries etc. also require them in largequantities. Product can be sold through provision stores and super markets in consumer packs and to bulk buyers in large packing. Placement of the product at strategic outlets and publicity in local media would boost sales.
MANUFACTURING PROCESS Fresh bamboo shoots are cut from head and tail and then chopped and sliced. After grading of pieces they are boiled (brining) and drained and thencanned. Salt solution is added in these cans and then it is allowed to evaporate. After that cans are sealed and are processed through retort at a temperature of 100-120O C. After cooling of cans they are labelled and packed. Canning and retorting are critical processes. The input output ratio is 100:85. Process time is around 2 days. The process flow chart is as under: Cutting, chopping andslicing K Grading K Brining and draining K Canning K Sealing, labeling and packing
CAPITAL INPUTS 5.1 Land and Building Land requirement will be 200 sq.mtrs. which would cost around Rs. 60,000/-. Requirement of built-up area would be around 75 sq.mtrs. for main factory building including packing and store area whereas balance 25 sq.mtrs. would occupy space for cutting, chopping, grading andwashing of bamboo shoots. This space would have two water tanks of around 500 ltrs. capacity. The average cost of construction is taken as Rs. 2,500/- per sq.mtr. The total cost of civil work would be Rs.2.50 lacs. 5.2 Plant and Machinery
The total cost of machinery would be Rs.3.50 lacs which would include boiling vessels, oil fired furnace with burners, canning machine, flanger, evaporationboxes, retort and weighing scales. With the help of this set of machines the annual processing capacity would be 180 tonnes per shift. Canning facilities can be utilised for canning fruits and vegetables during lean season when bamboo shoots will not be available in sufficient quantity. This would give a further boost to profitability.
Some other assets likefurniture & fixtures, cutting knives, plastic baskets, packing tables, storage racks etc. shall be required for which a provision of Rs. 50,000/- is sufficient. 5.4 Utilities
Power requirement shall be 15 HP whereas per day water requirement would be 700-850 ltrs. Furnace oil of around 50-60 ltrs. will be required every day. 5.5 Raw and Packing Materials
The most important raw material willbe bamboo shoots. Availability will not be a problem as there are many bamboo forests in the entire North-East region including Nagaland. In any case, the annual requirement even at rated capacity will not be more than 180 tonnes and there will not be any difficulty in procurement. Salt requirement will not be much. Tin cans will be required in large quantity depending upon packing size for...