LOCATION AND POPULATION
is the capital of the People's Republic of China and one of the most populous cities in the world
with a population of 19,612,368 as of 2010. The metropolis,located in northern China
Beijing is China's second largest city by urban population after Shanghai and is the country's political, cultural, and educational center, and home to the headquarters formost of China's largest state-owned companies. Beijing is a major transportation hub in the national highway, expressway, railway andhigh-speed rail network. Beijing's Capital International Airport isthe second busiest in the world by passenger traffic.
Beijing has a rather dry, monsoon-influenced humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dwa), characterised by hot, humidsummers due to the East Asian monsoon, and generally cold, windy, dry winters that reflect the influence of the vast Siberian anticyclone. Spring can bear witness to sandstorms blowing in from theMongolian steppe, accompanied by rapidly warming, but generally dry, conditions. Autumn, like spring, sees little rain, but is crisp and short. The monthly daily average temperature in Januaryis −3.7 °C (25.3 °F), while in July it is 26.2 °C (79.2 °F). Precipitation averages around 570 mm (22.4 in) annually, with the great majority of it falling in the summer months. Extremes have ranged from −27.4to 42.6 °C (-17 to 109 °F).
At the historical heart of Beijing lies the Forbidden City, the enormous palace compound that was the home of the emperors of the Ming and Qingdynasties; the Forbidden City hosts the Palace Museum, which contains imperial collections of Chinese art
in the modern era, Zhongnanhai has also been the political heart of various Chinese governmentsand regimes and is now the headquarters of the Communist Party of China.
* Great Hall of the People
* National Museum of China
* Monument to the People's Heroes
* Mausoleum of...