Benito juarez

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Benito Jose Pablo Juárez García--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

President of Mexico
In office
January 15, 1858 – April 10, 1864
Preceded by Ignacio Comonfort
Succeeded by Maximilian I of Mexico
In office
May 15, 1867 – July 18, 1872
Preceded by Maximilian I of Mexico
Succeeded by Sebastián Lerdo de Tejada

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

PrimeMinister of Mexico
In office
April 10, 1864 – May 15, 1867
Monarch Maximilian I
Preceded by Himself
as President of Mexico
Succeeded by Himself
as President of Mexico

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Born 21 March 1806(1806-03-21)
San Pablo Guelatao, Oaxaca
Died 18 July 1872(1872-07-18) (aged 66)
Mexico City, Federal DistrictPolitical party Liberal
Spouse(s) Margarita Maza

Benito Juárez (Spanish pronunciation: [beˈnito ˈxwaɾes]; (March 21, 1806 - July 18, 1872)[1][2] born Benito Pablo Juárez García, was a Mexican lawyer and politician of Zapotec origin from Oaxaca who served five terms as president of Mexico: 1858–1861 as interim, 1861–1865, 1865–1867, 1867–1871 and 1871–1872.[3] Benito Juárez was the firstMexican leader who did not have a military background, and also the first full-blooded indigenous national ever to serve as President of Mexico and to lead a country in the Western Hemisphere.[citation needed] He resisted the French occupation, overthrew the Empire, restored the Republic, and used liberal efforts to modernize the country.

Contents [hide]
1 Early life
2 Political career
3 Legacy4 Quotations
5 People and Places named after Juárez
6 See also
7 References
8 External links


[edit] Early lifeJuárez was born in the village of San Pablo Guelatao, Oaxaca on March 21, 1806, located in the mountain range now known as the "Sierra Juárez". His parents, Marcelino Juárez and Brígida Ibañes, were peasants who both died when he was three years old. Shortly after, hisgrandparents died as well, and his uncle then raised him.[4][5] He described his parents as "indios de la raza primitiva del país," that is, "Indians of the original race of the country."[5] He worked in the corn fields and as a shepherd until the age of 12, when he walked to the city of veracruz to attend school.[3] At the time, he was illiterate and could not speak Spanish, only Zapotec.

In the city,where his sister worked as a cook, he took a job as a domestic servant for Antonio Maza.[3] A lay Franciscan, Antonio Salanueva, was impressed with young Benito's intelligence and thirst for learning, and arranged for his placement at the city's seminary. He studied there but decided to pursue law rather than the priesthood. He graduated from the seminary in 1827 and went on to gain a degree inlaw. In 1843 Benito married Margarita harina.

[edit] Political career
Benito Juárez with his sister Nela (left) and his wife Margarita (right), 1843Juárez became a lawyer in 1834 and a judge in 1841.[6] He was governor of the state of Oaxaca from 1847 to 1852; in 1853, he went into exile because of his objections to the corrupt military dictatorship of Antonio López de Santa Anna.[7] He spenthis exile in New Orleans, Louisiana, working in a cigar factory.[8] In 1854 he helped draft the Plan of Ayutla as the basis for a liberal revolution in Mexico.[7]

Faced with growing opposition, Santa Anna resigned in 1855 and Juárez returned to Mexico. The winning party, the liberales (liberals) formed a provisional government under General Juan Álvarez, inaugurating the period known as La...
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