Peter the Great Biography
( 1672 – 1725 )
I was a Russian tzar I was born in Pyotr Alekseyevich, on June 9, 1672, in Moscow, Russia. I was the fourteenth child of tzar Alexis by his secondwife, Natalya Kirillovna Naryshkina. Having ruled jointly with his brother Ivan V from 1682, when Ivan died in 1696, I was officially declared Sovereign of all Russia. i inherited a nation that wasseverely underdeveloped compared to the culturally prosperous European countries. While the Renaissance and the Reformation swept through Europe, Russia rejected westernization and remained isolated frommodernization.
During my reign, i undertook extensive reforms in an attempt to reestablish Russia as a great nation. Peter overcame opposition from the country’s medieval aristocracy and initiated aseries of changes that affected all areas of Russian life. I reated a strong navy, reorganized my army according to Western standards, secularized schools, administered greater control over thereactionary Orthodox Church, and introduced new administrative and territorial divisions of the country.
I focused on the development of science and recruited several experts to educate my people abouttechnological advancements. I concentrated on developing commerce and industry and created a gentrified bourgeoisie population. Mirroring Western culture, he modernized the Russian alphabet, introducedthe Julian calendar, and established the first Russian newspaper.
I was a far-sighted and skillful diplomat who abolished Russia’s archaic form of government and appointed a viable Senate, whichregulated all branches of administration, as well as making, groundbreaking accomplishments in Russia’s foreign policy.
I acquired territory in Estonia, Latvia and Finland; and through severalwars with Turkey in the south, I secured access to the Black Sea. In 1709, i defeated the Swedish army by purposely directing their troops to the city of Poltva, in the midst of an unbearable Russian...
Leer documento completo
Regístrate para leer el documento completo.