Biocombustibles

Solo disponible en BuenasTareas
  • Páginas : 5 (1167 palabras )
  • Descarga(s) : 0
  • Publicado : 25 de marzo de 2011
Leer documento completo
Vista previa del texto
Harnessing the Sun to Fuel the WorldTM

ALGENOL
B I O F U E L

S

Algenol Biofuels

September 2009

Harnessing the Sun to Fuel the WorldTM

ALGENOL
B I O F U E L

S

Algenol Biofuels is developing DIRECT TO ETHANOLTM technology
• Science driven: using biotechnology to produce fuel and utilize CO2 emissions • 100 employees and consultants (40 Ph.D.’s) • Biological laboratoriesin Baltimore, Maryland and Germany • The Algenol Biofuels Cyano Collection - nearly 10,000 algae strains • Zero-discharge R&D aquaculture facility in Palm Beach County, Florida • Pilot demonstration plant with Dow Chemical – construction start in 2010 • Company headquarters in Naples, Florida

Harnessing the Sun to Fuel the WorldTM ALGENOL’S PROCESS IS UNIQUE
• ALGENOL inputs: • Algae •Sunlight • CO2 (from the air or industrial sources) • Saltwater • Marginal or Desert Land ALGENOL does NOT use: • Farmland • Food Feedstocks • Fresh Water • Fossil Fuel Fertilizers

ALGENOL
B I O F U E L

S

6000 gal/acre/yr; corn 400 5.5-to-1 energy balance 70-80% reduced CO2 footprint we make fresh water



we make natural compost or biodiesel

Harnessing the Sun to Fuel the WorldTM CO2into SUGARS into ETHANOL

ALGENOL
B I O F U E L

S

Direct to EthanolTM
Algenol links photosynthesis with the natural enzymes that convert sugars directly into ethanol. The ethanol diffuses out of the cell and evaporates rapidly. • All in each cell • All at the same time

Harnessing the Sun to Fuel the WorldTM
2 CO2 + 3 H2O C2H5OH + 3 O2

ALGENOL
B I O F U E L

S

Schematicdiagram of DIRECT TO ETHANOLTM process

Harnessing the Sun to Fuel the WorldTM

ALGENOL
B I O F U E L

S

U.S. has all the barren land needed and more . . .
Algae: 6,000-10,000 gal/acre

Algae has a much greater per acre production of ethanol, as compared to ethanol from corn or cellulose Algae requires 6% land coverage compared to corn

Cellulosic 870-890 gal/acre

No indirect landuse change Positive CO2 capture and no food displacement

Corn 340-420 gal/acre

Harnessing the Sun to Fuel the WorldTM ALGENOL and FRESH WATER

ALGENOL
B I O F U E L

S

Gallons of Fresh Water
Consumed Per Gallon Fuel
Source: National Renewable Energy Laboratory

Produced Per Gallon Fuel

• • • •

ALGENOL Ethanol = 1 gallon fresh water produced per gallon fuel
• (consumes 2gallons of seawater to make: 1 gallon ethanol, 1 gallon fresh water)

Gasoline = 2-2.5 gallons of fresh water consumed per gallon fuel Corn Ethanol = 3-4 gallons fresh water consumed per gallon fuel (EXCLUDING irrigation) Cellulosic Ethanol = 2-6 gallons fresh water consumed per gallon fuel (EXCLUDING irrigation)

Harnessing the Sun to Fuel the WorldTM
• Algae strain selection and enhancement• • Maintain and expand ALGENOL strain collection Develop site-specific strains for temperature, salinity, and other variables

ALGENOL
B I O F U E L

S

ALGENOL’s Current Technology Initiatives



Photobioreactor (PBR) design and manufacturing
• • Commercial scale tested and deployed in 2009 at Florida R&D Facility Partnership with Dow Chemical for advanced materials



GasManagement for PBR Head Space
• • • • CO2 Capture and Delivery to the PBR O2 Separation Ethanol-water separation Partnership with Georgia Tech and CUT CO2 Technologies



Integrated Biorefinery Pilot (24 acre facility in Texas)
• • • Filed application for DOE funding jointly with Dow Chemical $25 million max grant – greater than $50 million project Awards announced November 09 - funding in2010



Life Cycle Analyses
• • First phase of fuel study essentially complete (Georgia Tech) Next phase will consider polyethylene as final product (Georgia Tech/Dow)

1.5 x 15 meter Photobioreactors Deployed at Florida R&D Facility in 2009

Harnessing the Sun to Fuel the WorldTM Algenol - Dow: CO2 to Ethanol Project

ALGENOL
B I O F U E L

S

Algenol-Dow DOE Biorefinery...
tracking img