(Chile, April 7, 1889 – New York, January 10 1957)
Her name was Maria Lucila Godoy Alcayaga of Perpetual Help, better known by his pen name as GabrielaMistral. (In homage of two of his favorite poets, Gabriele D'Annunzio Italian and French Frédéric Mistral.)
Poet, diplomat and educator, Chile was the first Latin American to win the Nobel Prize forLiterature, which she received in 1945 from King Gustav V of Sweden. The reason to give the award was "his lyrical work that inspired powerful feelings, has made her name a symbol of the idealisticaspirations of the entire Latin American world."
In 1910, validated their findings to the Normal School No. one in Santiago of Chile and earned the official title of Professor of State, he couldteach at the secondary level.
In 1904 She began working as a teacher in northern of Chile.
On December Twelve, 1914 She won first prize for his Sonnets of Death.
She visited Mexico, the UnitedStates and Europe studying schools and education in these countries. She was a visiting professor at universities in Barnard, Middlebury and Puerto Rico.
She remained nearly two years in Mexico,working with the leading intellectuals of the Spanish-speaking world at that time.
After a tour in the U.S.A. and Europe, She returned to Chile, where the political situation was so tense that it wasforced to leave again, this time to serve in Europe as secretary of a section of the League of Nations in 1926;
In 1931 She traveled to Puerto Rico. She gave speeches at the University of PuertoRico, Rio Piedras, in Santo Domingo, Cuba, and in all other Central American countries. At this time, on this tour She where named "Advocate of the Army Meritorious National Sovereignty" in Nicaragua. Inthis Country, General Augusto Sandino, given support to his numerous writings.
Since 1933, over a period of twenty years, She worked as a consul of his country in cities on Europe and America....