Julio Cortazar was born in Brussels on August 26, 1914, of Argentine parents.
Arrived in Argentina after four years. Step childhood in Banfield, graduated
as a school teacher and started studying at the University of Buenos Aires,
that abandoned for economic reasons. He worked in several towns in the interior
the country. He taught at the University of Cuyo and resigned from hisdisappointment
The father abandons the family, and Julio Cortázar raised with his mother, his sister, his aunt
and his grandmother. In 1923, the child Cortázar wrote his first novel, as well as poems. In 1932, he obtained the qualification of teachers, and in 1935, the Master of Arts Normal. He entered the Faculty of Arts.
Julio Cortázar visited Argentina before reaching teachingfor international renown for his writing. He was a professor at San Carlos in the city of Bolivar, 31 May 1937 to July 31, 1939, and in the Normal School of Chivilcoy as head of History, Geography and Civics, from 22 August 1939 to July 1944, when he was offered the chairs of Southern and Northern Literature at the University of Cuyo, which issued in 1944 and 1945.
Julio Cortázar get a Frenchgovernment scholarship and traveled to Paris, where he began working with a distributor of books and radio announcer, a job he lost because of his accent.
In 1951 he published "Bestiary," his first book of short stories, and in 1953 he married Aurora
Bernardez, whom makes extensive tour of Italy.
During his brief stay in Rome translates the prose of Edgar Allan Poe.
For years, the livelihoodsof Julio Cortazar came from his translations. First, in the press in Argentina, and thereafter at UNESCO, gave Cortázar's work with the same intensity as in the literature.
In 1961 appears the first translation of a work of Cortázar: the French publisher Fayard publishes "Awards." The following year saw the light "Cronopios and famas", published by Minotaur of Buenos Aires, and in 1963 will"Rayuela" is not only impressed the critics and the reading public, but also led to a revelation to thousands of young people who peered for the first time to literature.
Some of the poems written by Julio Cortázar between 1948 and 1958 were published in 1971 under the title of "Fame and meopas." In 1972, Prose is the turn of the observatory, including pictures of him, and in 1973 the policy ofhis masterpiece, "The Book of Manuel." The work will be awarded the Prix Medicis. In 1974, he traveled to Rome as a member of the Russell Tribunal, an institution devoted to the study of political and human rights in Latin America, and appears "Octahedron." The following year, participates in the International Commission of Inquiry into the crimes of the Pinochet regime, which takes place in Mexico,and pronounces a series of lectures on Latin American literature at the University of Oklahoma, collected, along with two other text-in " The final island: The Fiction of Julio Cortazar. "
Julio Cortázar has always maintained a policy commitment, right from the time when Juan Domingo Peron was President of Argentina, although anti-Peronist, Cortázar was not involved in groups or politicalassociations. In 1961 he began his trips to Cuba and discovered how "The Cuban revolution then showed me the great political void in me my political futility."
On February 12, 1984, died of leukemia and is buried next to Carol Dunlop in Paris' Montparnasse Cemetery.
Julio Cortázar nació en Bruselas en 26 de agosto de 1914, de padresargentinos.
Llegó a la Argentina después de cuatro años. Paso la infancia en Banfield, se graduó
como maestro de escuela e inició estudios en la Universidad de Buenos Aires,
que abandonó por razones económicas. Trabajó en varios pueblos del interior
el país. Enseñó en la Universidad de Cuyo y renunció por su contrariedad
con el peronismo.
En 1923, el niño Cortázar escribió su primera novela,...