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The Vikings

The Vikings were Germanic people from Scandinavia, they were also very well known by their raids into Europe. The word Viking means one who lurks in a 'vik' or bay, in effect, apirate.

Their attacks and their appearance in the European political scene began with the sacking of the monastery of Lindisfarne. Then they starting attacking the monasteries because they have greatpossession in gold and silver and also the great monasteries could give food and shelter. Their violent behavior terrified the ancient communities. The Vikings had a great influence on Europeanhistory. The Vikings started to venture away from the area and arrive first on the French coast Britain. The estuary of the Loire and the islands of the region were victims of Viking raids.

The firstViking expedition to the Mediterranean dates from 844 when they burned Sevilla. Since that time, they begin to travel by rivers. They were rejected in 863 in Cologne, but they achieved great success inother raids in Germany and France. To the west, they reached the Volga in Russia, taking over Novgorod in 861 in and Kiev in 863. In 865, a first expedition that was trying to reach Constantinople wasunsuccessful.
The Viking period ended with the fall of the last hostile redoubt representing King Harald, the Ruthless, who died in the Battle of Stamford Bridge in 1066 when he tried to conquestthe England territory. In 1100 Sweden was converted to Christianity, and Scandinavia was integrated into the Christian European culture. Most Vikings settlements had finished mixing with the localpopulation and acculturate. The descendants of the Vikings managed to consolidate their position in Europe and founded the first Russian kingdom in Kiev. The Normans, Vikings settled in France, came outof Normandy and went to the thrones of the kingdom of Jerusalem, England, Sicily, Naples.

Name and etymology

According to Scandinavian written sources, Viking was called a raid organized to...
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