The changing world order that the war had brought about, in particular the growth of the United States and Japan as navalpowers, and the rise of independence movements in India and Ireland
2What declared the comonwealth and what gave to this nations achievment?
declaring the Dominions to be "autonomousCommunities within the British Empire, equal in status, in no way subordinate one to another",This declaration was given legal substance under the 1931 Statute of Westminster. The parliamentsof Canada, Australia, New Zealand, the Union of South Africa, the Irish Free State and Newfoundland were now independent of British legislative control, they could nullify British laws andBritain could no longer pass laws for them without their consent.[
3.WHAT HAPPENED AFTER BRITAIN EMERGED VOCOTITOUS OS SECOND WAR?
The effects of the conflict were profound, both at home andabroad. Much of Europe, a continent that had dominated the world for several centuries, was now literally in ruins, and host to the armies of the United States and the Soviet Union, to whomthe balance of global power had now shifted.[
4WHAT BELIEVED CHURCHILL AND THE CONSERVATIVES ABOUT THE EMPIRE?
Britain's position as a world power relied on the continued existence of theEmpire, with the base at the Suez Canal allowing Britain to maintain its pre-eminent position in the Middle East in spite of the loss of India
5WHAT CONTANAINED THA MACMILLAN SPECH?
he spoke of"the wind of change blowing through this continent." Macmillan wished to avoid the same kind of colonial war that France was fighting in Algeria, and under his premiershipdecolonisation proceeded rapidly. To the three colonies that had been granted independence in the 1950s—Sudan, the Gold Coast and Malaya—were added nearly ten times that number in the 1960s.