NhOREL mARINA CAstRO ALOmIA
INdustRIAL mANAgEmENt tEChNOLOgy CENtER sEAN (pEdREgAL)
mEdELLIN (ANtIOquIA) 2010
JustIFICAtION In Colombia, cervical cancer ishigh incidence and mortality. This is more common in women of low socioeconomic status, sexually active and high multiparty. This cancer is strongly associated with early age at first intercourse andmultiple sexual partners in both the women and their partners. The effectiveness of cytology performed at regular intervals for early detection of cervical cancer has been demonstrated byepidemiological studies worldwide. The cytology screening effectively reduces by 60% the incidence and mortality from invasive cervical cancer in populations that are subjected to systematic screening. Therefore,it was established the following technical standard that defines the basic conditions for conducting the required procedures for early detection of this event. dEFINItION Early detection of cervicalcancer is the set of activities, interventions and procedures aimed at women between 25 and 69 years or under 25 sexually active, to take Pap smears. The attention of cervical precancerous lesions isthe set of activities, interventions and procedures aimed at women with a diagnosis of premalignant lesions, tending to increase the chance of cure, minimize the risks of complications and increasesurvival time and quality.
Appropriately identify preneoplásicas and neoplásicas lesions of the cervix, counsel women to services affected definitive diagnosis and to define appropriateand timely treatment, tending to increase the chances of recovery and survival time
CERVICAL CANCER OR CERVIVAL
It is a cancer that starts in the cervix, the lower part of the uterus (womb) thatopens at the top of the vagina.
The development of cervical cancer is usually very slow and begins as a precancerous condition called dysplasia. This precancerous condition can be...