Carabinieri

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Early history

The corps was created by King Victor Emmanuel I of Savoy with the aim of providing the Kingdom of Sardinia with a police corps. Previously, police duties were managed by the Dragonidi Sardegna corps, created in 1726 and composed of volunteers. After French soldiers had occupied Turin at the end of the 18th century and later abandoned it to the Kingdom of Piedmont, the corps ofRoyal Carabinieri was instituted under the Royal Patents of July 13, 1814.[5]

The new force was divided into divisions on the scale of one division for each province. The divisions were furtherdivided into companies and subdivided into lieutenancies, which commanded and coordinated the local police stations and were distributed throughout the national territory in direct contact with thepublic.[5]

In 1868, the Corazzieri mounted division was formed – initially as an escort of honour for the sovereign, and since 1946 for the President of the Republic.[5] The Italian unification sawthe number of divisions increased,[5] and on 24 January 1861 the Carabinieri were appointed the "First Force" of the new national military organization.[5]

[edit] 1930s and 1940s

During thefascist regime of Benito Mussolini (1922–1943), the Carabinieri were one of the police forces entrusted with suppressing opposition in Italy.[6] During the same period, while part of the Italian AfricaPolice (mainly in the late 1930s), they were involved in atrocities[7][8][9][9][10][11] in colonial Italian East Africa during the Second Italo-Abyssinian War. During World War II they fought in theirfunction as military police against the Allied forces, and against Yugoslav partisans as part of the Italian occupation force in Yugoslavia.

After Benito Mussolini's fall on July 25, 1943, he wasarrested by the Carabinieri as he left the king's private residence in Rome and subsequently imprisoned on Campo Imperatore by Carabinieri forces. After the armistice between Italy and the Allies on...
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