He was born on February 26, 1802 in Besançon.
He was educated in private schools in Paris.
From a young age he began writing, and by 1817 the French Academyawarded him a poem.
It was the epitome of French Romanticism and teacher of movement in the world.
In 1822 he published his first volume of poems, Odes and various poems, novels that havefollowed the 'Islande (1823) and Bug-Jargal (1824), and the poems of Odes and Ballads (1826). In the preface to Cromwell (1827), extensive historical drama, Hugo presents a call for the release of therestrictions imposed on the traditions of classicism.
The play, Marion de Lorme (1829), was banned as too liberal, was based on the life of a seventeenth century French court. On February 25, 1830,published his play in verse, Hernani, who had a tumultuous premiere and this ensured the success of romanticism. Hernani was adapted by the Italian composer Giuseppe Verdi and resulted in his operaErnani (1844).
Then follows a period of great productions of the author, with his great historical novel Notre Dame de Paris (1831), won appointment as a member of the French Academy in 1841. In 1834Claude published Gueux, work in which he condemned the criminal and social systems of France at the time.
Wrote lyric poetry in several volumes: Eastern (1829), Autumn Leaves (1831), The songs oftwilight (1835) and inner voices (1837).
Among the highly successful plays can be named: King Sports (1832), adapted by Verdi in his opera Rigoletto (1851), the prose drama Lucrezia Borgia (1833)and melodrama Ruy Blas (1838). The work I Burgraves (1843) was not well received by the public and failed.
In the government of Napoleon emigrated to Belgium, where he wrote the satire, the littleNapoleon (1852), satirical poems Punishments (1853), the lyrical poetry book The contemplations (1856) and the first volume of his epic The Legend the centuries (1859-1883).