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This article is about thephilosopher. For other uses, see Rousseau (disambiguation).
Jean-Jacques Rousseau |
Rousseau in 1753, by Maurice Quentin de La Tour |
Born | (1712-06-28)28 June 1712
Geneva, Republic ofGeneva |
Died | 2 July 1778(1778-07-02) (aged 66)
Ermenonville, Kingdom of France |
Era | 18th century philosophy
(Modern philosophy) |
Region | Western Philosophers |
School | Social contracttheory
Main interests | Political philosophy, music, education, literature, autobiography |
Notable ideas | General will, amour-propre, moral simplicity of humanity, child-centeredlearning, civil religion, popular sovereignty, positive liberty |
Influenced by[show] * Aristotle, Niccolò Machiavelli, Michel De Montaigne, Hugo Grotius, Samuel von Pufendorf, Thomas Hobbes, JohnLocke, Jean Barbeyrac, Jean-Jacques Burlamaqui, Denis Diderot |
Influenced[show] * Kant, The French Revolution, Robespierre, Louis de Saint-Just, The Counter-Enlightenment, Fichte, Hegel, Goethe,Alexis de Tocqueville, Friedrich Nietzsche, Romanticism, Paine, Comte, Bolívar, Marx, Engels, Derrida, Paul de Man, Benedetto Croce, Galvano Della Volpe, Claude Lévi-Strauss, Leo Strauss, Mary Shelley,Émile Durkheim, Mikhail Bakunin, Maria Montessori, Leo Tolstoy, John Rawls, Juan José Castelli, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk |
Jean-Jacques Rousseau (French: [ʒɑ̃ʒak ʁuso]; 28 June 1712 – 2 July 1778) wasa Genevan philosopher, writer, and composer of 18th-century Romanticism of French expression. His political philosophy influenced the French Revolution as well as the overall development of modernpolitical, sociological and educational thought.
His novel Émile: or, On Education is a treatise on the education of the whole person for citizenship. His sentimental novel Julie, or the New Heloise...