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Direct and indirect speech

Present (to be: Am, is, are Auxiliary verb Do/Does)

Past (to be: Was, Were Auxiliary verb Did/Didn’t)

Present perfect (to be: been Auxiliary verb Have/has)

Past Perfect (to be: Been Aux verb: Had)

Modals: Would, Could, Should, Must, Might

Aux Verb: Will, Shall, May, Can

Formulas para utilizar el Direct and Indirect Speech Oraciones indirectas oindirectas

Cuando utilizamos:

Present ------------ Past

Past ----------------- Past perfect

Present perfect ------------- Past Perfect

Past perfect ------------------ Past Perfect

Cuando utilizamos Auxiliary verbs and Modals

Will ------- Would

May ------- Might

Can ------- Could

Shall ------ Should

Pronombres

Here ------ There (aqui ---- alla)
This -------That (Esto --- aquello)
These ----- Those (Estos ---- aquellos)
That ----- It (Eso --- eso )

Cuando usamos:

Today ------ That day
Now/Righ Now ------ At that time, Then (conj. Pues, por lo tanto, Adverb. Entoces luego despues )

Now/Right Now ----- A that Moment (En ese momento)

Direct Speech: Today, Yesterday, Tomorrow. Indirect Speech: That day, the day before, the followingday.

Pronouns Direct Speech: I, We, and You Indirect Speech: He, She, and They

Examples

Present to a Direct speech to simple past

Present: “I’m the best player video games in the world” Peter Said.
Past: Peter said that He was the best player video game.

Present: “My mom cooks the diner for us” Miguel said
Past: Miguel said his mom was cooked the dinner for themPresent: “I am a doctor” Martin Said
Past: Martin said that he was a doctor.

Present: “My brother reads the news paper when he looks at the terrible accident” Nancy said
Past: Nancy said her brother read the news paper when he looked at a terrible accident

Present: “I am a very good soccer player” Alex said
Past: Alex said he was a very good soccer player

Present: “I want to eat asandwich” Maria Said
Past: Maria said she went to eat a sandwich

Present: “It is a sunny day” Susan said
Past: Susan said it was a sunny day

Present: “We are going to take a rest” Bob said
Past: Bob said they were going to take a rest

Past direct speech to change past perfect indirect speech

Past: “I (was eating) enchiladas yesterday” Miguel said
Verb

Past perfect: Miguel said hehad been eating enchiladas previous day

Past: “I was happy yesterday” Rogelio Said
Verb to be

Past perfect: Rogelio said he had been happy previous day

Past: “I was visited Cancun last month” Karla said
Verb
Past perfect: Karla said she had visited Cancun previous month

Past: “I washed the dishes last week” Nancy said
Past perfect: Nancy said she had washed thedishes previous week

Past perfect direct speech to change past perfect indirect speech cuando usamos esta forma no cambia la oracion

Past perfect: “He had practiced art martial every day” Salim said
Past perfect: Salim said he had practiced art martial every day

Past perfect: “I had slept last night” Marcos said
Past perfect: Marcos said he had slept previous night

Past perfect:“she had taken mathematic class last week” Laura said
Past perfect: Nancy said she had taken mathematic class last week

Present perfect direct speech to change past perfect

Present perfect: “I have been happy” Gaés said
Past perfect: Gaes said she had been happy

Present perfect: “I have been happy” Gaés said
Past perfect: Gaes said she had been happy

Present perfect: “I have been onthe web since 1999” she said
Past perfect: She had been on the web since 1999

Present perfect: “I have been copy the text” He said
Past perfect: He said had been copy the text

When I using modals will, may, shall, can

Using Will direct speech to change indirect speech

Direct Speech: “We will go to the shopping center” Martin said
Indirect Speech: Martin said they would go...
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