Stable URL: http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0278-0372%28198108%291%3A3%3C441%3ATCCSOB%3E2.0.CO%3B2-R Journal of Crustacean Biology is currently published by The Crustacean Society.
Your use of theJSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of JSTOR's Terms and Conditions of Use, available at http://www.jstor.org/about/terms.html. JSTOR's Terms and Conditions of Use provides, in part, that unless you have obtained prior permission, you may not download an entire issue of a journal or multiple copies of articles, and you may use content in the JSTOR archive only for your personal, non-commercialuse. Please contact the publisher regarding any further use of this work. Publisher contact information may be obtained at http://www.jstor.org/journals/crustsoc.html. Each copy of any part of a JSTOR transmission must contain the same copyright notice that appears on the screen or printed page of such transmission.
The JSTOR Archive is a trusted digital repository providing for long-termpreservation and access to leading academic journals and scholarly literature from around the world. The Archive is supported by libraries, scholarly societies, publishers, and foundations. It is an initiative of JSTOR, a not-for-profit organization with a mission to help the scholarly community take advantage of advances in technology. For more information regarding JSTOR, please email@example.com.
http://www.jstor.org Tue Aug 14 20:09:27 2007
JOURNAL OF CRUSTACEAN BIOLOGY. l(3): 441456. 1981
THE CAVERNICOLOUS CARIDEAN SHRIMPS OF BERMUDA (ALPHEIDAE, HIPPOLYTIDAE, AND ATYIDAE)
C . W . Hart, Jr., and Raymond B. Manning
Four species of caridean shrimps inhabit the anchialine habitats of two caves on Bermuda. One represents a new genus and species (Somersiellasterreri), and one a new species (Typhlatya iliffei). A range extension is provided for Barbouria cubensis (von Martens), and Automate dolichognatha De Man (=Automate gardineri Coutiere) is reported from a new habitat and is refigured.
Two subterranean anchialine habitats on Bermuda were recently found by Drs. Wolfgang E. Sterrer and Thomas M. Iliffe of the Bermuda Biological Station to be inhabited byfour species of caridean shrimps. One shrimp represents a new genus, one a new species, and one a new distribution record. The fourth shrimp, Automate dolichognatha De Man (1888), listed by Markham and McDermott (1980) as having been found on Bermuda (as A. gardineri Coutiere), is included in this tabulation because it was found in the unusual anchialine habitat of Tucker's Town Cave. Tucker'sTown Cave, Tucker's Town, is essentially flask-shaped, with water filling the lower part. The entrance is circular, about 4 m in diameter, followed immediately by a vertical drop of about 13 m. Widening toward the bottom, the single room of the cave is roughly elliptical and, at the sea level pool, measures about 7 by 15 m. The sand and silt bottom of the pool slopes rapidly to a depth of about 13 m,and a small amount of natural light entering from above gives most of the room a dim illumination. Tidal fluctuations of the pool indicate a connection with the sea, probably on the South Shore. To the right, and beyond a stalagmite, the base of which is about 3 m in diameter, are the remains of a wooden platform, now decaying and falling into water about 2 m in depth. Typhlatya and Automate werecollected in the deeper waters of the cave; Barbouria and Somersiella in shallower waters, mainly among the timbers of the fallen platform. Following the discovery of the shrimps in May, 1980, Iliffe and C. W. Hart, Jr., visited the cave in August and collected one additional specimen of Automate dolichognatha. In September, Iliffe and Brian Kensley collected two additional specimens of...