and Sustainable Development
Municipal Energy Case essay
Rogelio Guadarrama Moreno
March 30, 2011
According to the reading, the City of Boulder,Colorado has a population of roughly 100,000 with a metropolitan population of close to 300,000, including 28,000 full-time students at the University of Colorado at Boulder. Concerned in the environment,they developed the Kyoto Resolution to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by seven percent below 1990 levels by 2012. The Environmental Affairs (OEA) has tracked the city’s GHG emissions usinginventory-tracking software, after having this information; the Environmental Affairs (OEA) developed the Climate Action Plan (CAP) in order to reach the emission reduction target. The CAP includes severalstrategies such as emission reduction strategies for residential, commercial, industrial, institutional, transportation, and solid waste sources. Because of the needs of money to fund this kind ofenvironmental actions, the city increased local Trash Tax’s for two years, then this increased was taken off and replaced with the cap tax, which is kind of carbon tax on electricity usage. The local TrashTax generated $258,000 annually in 2005 and 2006, and the CAP tax generates approximately $1 million annually.
In the order hand, the City is promoting greater participation of residents andbusinesses in wind power and other “Green Energy” by offering grants and rebates. An example of this is that customers that uses Xcel Energy (company that creates wind energy), are excluded from payingthe CAP tax. As I said, the city is promoting the “green energy” and the energy saves, so they distribute compact fluorescent light bulbs and help homes and business with energy audits, also they cratethe “Climate Smart” campaign, which helps individuals, families, and businesses increase their energy efficiency and reduce their carbon footprint. Talking of transportation emissions, they are...