China

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  • Publicado : 13 de junio de 2011
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China

The Great Wall's ramparts of brick and stone twist through mountains north of Beijing.
Photograph by Gavin Hellier/Getty Images
The dynasties—Qin, Tang, Yuan, Ming—painted themselves on this exotic canvas many hundreds of years ago, and their imprint can be seen to this day. • China’s sacred Taoist and Buddhist mountain temples remain as alluring as ever. • So too the Forbidden City,the imperial tombs, and of course, the Great Wall. • But it is today’s China that compels the world’s attention. • Long ago, custodians of the Middle Kingdom saw themselves as at the center of the world. • Today, the deluded utopianism of Marx has been replaced by the strut of Adam Smith.

La Gran Muralla de murallas de ladrillo y piedra de toque a través de montañas al norte de Beijing.Fotografía de Hellier Gavin / Getty Images
Las dinastías Qin-, Tang, Yuan, Ming-se pintaban sobre este lienzo exóticas muchos cientos de años atrás, y su huella se puede ver hasta hoy en día. • sagrada de China templos de montaña taoísta y budista siguen siendo tan atractiva como siempre. • Así también la Ciudad Prohibida, las tumbas imperiales, y por supuesto, la Gran Muralla. • Pero es la China dehoy que obliga a la atención del mundo. • Hace mucho tiempo, los custodios del Reino Medio se vieron como en el centro del mundo. • Hoy en día, la utopía de Marx engañado ha sido sustituido por el puntal de Adam Smith.

China's building a high speed rail economy and could achieve a 1 to 1.2 billion person single city effect by 2040
China has become the country with the fastest development, mostcomplete systematic technologies, strongest assembly capacity, the greatest length of track, highest operational speed and the largest project scale of high-speed railways in the world. High speed rail seems to be providing a 1.0 to 1.5% annual GDP boost to regional economies. China could use low pressure maglev to create a 1 to 1.2 billion person megacity by 2040 and a 1.4 billion person megacityby 2050. A large number of high passenger and freight capacity maglev with 1500-2000 mile per hour speed could connect all of the cities in China by 2050. A UN report discusses the merging of cities into mega-regions and the is the largest megaregion is Hong Kong-Shenhzen-Guangzhou region in China, home to about 120 million people already. Super high speed rail will enable dense cities tophysically connect for more productivity and economic growth. If China proceeds down this path and achieves success there will be high speed rail links to the European high speed rail network, Japans high speed rail network and then connections across to the Americas.

China has put 355 multiple-unit trains into operation, including 234 trains that can reach 250 kilometers per hour and 121 trains thatcan reach 350 kilometers per hour

China's high-speed railways are mainly in the three large economic zones, the Yangtze River Delta, the Pearl River Delta and the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei economic zone. Just in 2009, the average local GDP of the three zones had increased by as high as 10 percent, 1.7 percentage points higher than the growth rate of China's total GDP.

In the same year, the GDPof the three zones accounted for 44 percent of the GDP of China, up three percentage points compared to that of 2008. Experts believe that China's high-speed railways have become a booster for China's regional economic integration.

The economy of Tianjin increased by more than 16 percent both in 2008 and 2009, much higher than the economic growth rate of all of China.

In Jiangsu province,more than 60 percent came from the regions along the Shanghai-Nanjing High-Speed Railway. Investigations show that the Shanghai-Nanjing High-Speed Railway will increase the GDP of the cities along its route by 1 percent annually.

"One-city Effect" pushes the high-speed railway economy

As China possesses a large population and a vast territory, the time and space span between China's...
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