China

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China
Capital City
China’s Capital City is Beijing, which means the “Capital of the North” (Bei = North, jing = Capital). Beijing is a metropolis in northern China, governed as a municipality under direct administration of the central government. It is also one of the Four Great Ancient Capitals of China.

Language
China’s language is Mandarin; Mandarin is a category of related Chinesedialects spoken across most northern and south-western China. When taken as separated language, as it is often done in academic literature, the Mandarin language has more speakers than any other language. That is why it is said that the mandarin is the future language, because the majority of people in the world speak Mandarin.
Money
Chinese Currency is called Renminbi, which means “People’sCurrency” in Chinese.
* The Units are called Yuan, jiao (also called mao) and the fen. 10 Fen = 1 Jiao, 10 Jiao = 1 Yuan
* Exchange Rate: Current exchange rate with Mexican Pesos: 2.00 pesos = about 1 yuan.

Flag
China’s flag is a red field charged in the upper left corner with five golden stars. The design features one large star, with four smaller stars in a semicircle set of towards theright. The red represents revolution; the five stars and their relationship represent the unity of the Chinese people under the leadership of the Communist Party of China. Sometimes, the flag is referred as the ``Five Star Red Flag´´. The flag was designed by Zeng Liansong.

Regions Flora and Fauna
Chinas flora is rich and known worldwide for its diversity; it is also one of the countries withthe most abundant plant life in the world. There are more than 32,000 species of higher plants. In addition, there are more than 7,000species of woody plants.
There is a tall specie of arbor that is considered to be one of the oldest and rarest plants in the world, called the metasequoia.

Their fauna is also known worldwide because of their rarity.
The Giant Panda: is only found in China. Itis also an endangered species. At present time only about 100 still survive in zoos and natural breeding centers.

South Chinese Tiger: The Shanghai Zoological Park had begun to raise the South China Tigers since 1959. Now they have succeeded in breeding the fifth generation of the South Chinese Tigers.
The Takin: is an endemic animal of China. It is one of the rarest and most endangeredanimals in the world. The Shanghai Zoological Park began to raise the Golden Takin in the 70s' and succeded in breeding the first young Takin in 1983.

Resources, Main production
In Industry:
1. Gunpowder
2. Paper
3. Sugar
4. Metal
5. Motorized Vehicles
In Agriculture:
1. Rice
2. Soy
3. Sunflower seed
4. Tea
5. Ginger
In Livestock:
1. Pigs
2. Goats3. Sheep
4. Buffalos
5. Donkeys
Touristic Sites
1. The Great Wall of China: is a fortification in northern China, built to protect the northern borders of the Chinese empire against intrusions of nomadic groups.



2. The Terracotta Army in Xi’an: are the Terra Cotta Warriors and Horses of Qin Shi Huang, the First Emperor of China, they were discovered in 1974 by somelocal farmers near Xi'an.

3. The Forbidden City in Beijing: was the Chinese imperial palace from the Ming Dynasty to the end of the Qing Dynasty, now houses the Palace Museum. For almost five hundred years, it served as the home of emperors and their households, as well as the ceremonial and political centre of Chinese government.

Actual President
China’s president is Hu Jintao selectedpresident of the country on March 15, 2003.

Geographic placement
Located in Southeast Asia along the coastline of the Pacific Ocean, China is the world’s third largest country, after Russia and Canada. It reaches Heilongjiang Province as its northern end, Zengmu Ansha to the south, Pamirs to the west, and expands to the eastern border at the conjuction of the Heilongjiang River and the Wusuli...
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