Cicero and the Roman lawyers
“Men decide far more problems by hate, love, lust, rage, sorrow, hope, fear, illusion, or some other inward emotion, than by reality, authority, and legal standard,judicial precedent, or statue.” (Cicero, 63 B.C)
The political thought of Cicero, as the book remarks it, is not important because of its originality or special traits, after all they were justcompilations as himself appoints. What made them unique back in the past, and even nowadays is a very simple thing, everybody read them.
Cicero as a lawyer, politician, philosopher, writer and orator ofRome, was considered one of the greatest of the world. About his ideals, Cicero’s philosophy was focused in Stoicism, he believed that whether virtue was the only human thing human beings shouldpursue or whether it was the best thing to be pursued. From this assumption, we understand that in his own view, money and health had no value above virtue. Cicero also made some achievements in his own,related with politics treatises, his writings were focused into commend the Roman virtue of public service and the statesman’s career. He wanted to solve the problems the republican constitution had,as the teachings of the Academy taught him, to be free to accept any argument that he found convincing. He thought that the gods existed and loved human beings, rewarding and punishing them accordingto their conduct in life. Also that they had provided us human beings with the gift of reason, a gift we should use to live in harmony and equality in the form of the state.
The state then, shouldbe a corporate body, in which is the common possession of all its citizens to supply its members needs, promote growth and expansion and above all held a just government.
When talking about a justgovernment, we cannot avoid talking about the legal system and political theories, represented by the Roman Lawyers. The Roman Lawyers were the practitioners of justice, someone who had the power to...
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