Ciclo del nitrogeno

Solo disponible en BuenasTareas
  • Páginas : 10 (2382 palabras )
  • Descarga(s) : 0
  • Publicado : 24 de enero de 2012
Leer documento completo
Vista previa del texto
(/&,&/2'(/1,752*(12 (1(/68(/2
(ULFN=DJDO 8QLYHUVLGDGGH&RQFHSFLyQ)DFXOWDGGH$JURQRPtD'HSDUWDPHQWRGH6XHORV$YHQLGD9LFHQWH0pQGH] &KLOOiQ&KLOH(PDLOH]DJDO#XGHFFO

,QWURGXFFLyQ

(OFLFORGHO QLWUyJHQR 1 HQHOVXHORHVXQDSDUWHLQWHJUDQWHGHOFLFORJOREDOGHO1 )LJXUD  (O1GHOVXHORVHGHULYDRULJLQDOPHQWHGHOJDV1DWPRVIpULFR 1/RVPLFURRUJDQLVPRVGHOVXHORVHDQGHYLGDOLEUHRDVRFLDGRVVLPELyWLFDPHQWHFRQSODQWDVILMDQ1  IRUPDQGR1 RUJiQLFR D OD IRUPD GH JUXSRV DPLQRV 1+ HQ ODV SURWHtQDV (VWH 1 SDVD HQWRQFHV D IRUPDUSDUWHGHODPDWHULDRUJiQLFDGHOVXHOR8QDFDUDFWHUtVWLFDSULQFLSDOGHOFLFORLQWHUQR GHO 1 HV VX WUDQVIRUPDFLyQ FRQWLQXD GHVGH OD IDVH RUJiQLFD 1 LQVROXEOH  D OD IDVH LQRUJiQLFD RPLQHUDO 1 VROXEOH  D WUDYpV GH ORV SURFHVRV GH PLQHUDOL]DFLyQ H LQPRYLOL]DFLyQ UHVSHFWLYDPHQWH\UHDOL]DGRVSRUODELRPDVDPLFURELDQD$PERVSURFHVRV RFXUUHQVLPXOWiQHDPHQWHHQHOVXHORVLHOHIHFWRQHWRHVXQLQFUHPHQWRRGLVP LQXFLyQGHO 1PLQHUDOGLVSRQLEOHSDUDODVSODQWDV GHSHQGHSULQFLSDOPHQWHGHODUHODFLyQFDUERQR & 1HQORVUHVLGXRVRUJiQLFRVTXHVHGHJUDGDQRGHVFRPSRQHQHQHOVXHOR YHUPiVDEDMR /DV WUDQVIRUPDFLRQHV WXUQRYHU¶  GH RWURV QXWULHQWHV HVSHFLDOPHQWH HO IyVIRUR 3  \ HO D]XIUH 6  HVWiQ HVWUHFKDPHQWH DVRFLDGDV D ODV WUDQVIRUPDFLRQHV ELRTXtPLFDV GHO 1 /D GHVFRPSRVLFLyQGHODPDWHULDRUJiQLFDFRQYLHUWHSDUWHGHO1RUJiQLFRHQ1PLQHUDOGHDOOt HO WpUPLQR PLQHUDOL]DFLyQ GHQRPLQDFLyQ TXH VH DSOLFD D ORV LRQHVDPRQLR 1+ QLWULWR 12 \ QLWUDWR 12 (O 1PLQHUDOSULQFLSDOPHQWHDPRQLR\QLWUDWR HVDEVRUELGRSRUODV SODQWDV R DVLPLODGR SRU ORV PLFURRUJDQLVPRV \ FRQYHUWLGR D 1 RUJiQLFR 0XFKRV GH ORV SUREOHPDV PHGLRDPELHQWDOHV UHODFLRQDGRV FRQ OD DJULFXOWXUD HVWiQ UHODFLRQDGRV GLUHFWD R LQGLUHFWDPHQWHFRQHOQLWUyJHQR &RQYHUVLRQHVGHO1HQHOVXHOR(O1GHOVXHORVHPXHYH IOXMRV FRQWLQXDPHQWHGHVGHXQD IRUPDDRWUDFRPRUHVXOWDGRGH ODDFWLYLGDGGHODVSODQWDV\PLFURRUJDQLVPRV/RVSURFHVRVVHPXHVWUDQHQOD )LJXUD 0LQHUDOL]DFLyQ HVODWUDQVIRUPDFLyQPLFURELDQDGHO1RUJiQLFRD1LQRUJiQLFRRPLQHUDO 1+RUJiQLFR : 1+

,QPRYLOL]DFLyQ HV OD FRQYHUVLyQ GH 1PLQHUDO D 1 RUJiQLFR 2FXUUH FXDQGR ORVPLFURRUJDQLVPRVQRSXHGHQVDWLVIDFHUVXVQHFHVLGDGHVGH1GHVGHORVPDWHULDOHVRUJiQLFRV GHORVFXDOHVVHHVWiQDOLPHQWDQGR&RPRUHVXOWDGRHVWRVLQFRUSRUDQ 1PLQHUDO 1+ \12 : 1+RUJiQLFR

0LQHUDOL]DFLyQQHWD3RUTXHODPLQHUDOL]DFLyQHLQPRYLOL]DFLyQRFXUUHQDOPLVPRWLHPSR HVGLItFLOVHSDUDUODV1RUPDOPHQWHHOFDPELRHQODFDQWLGDGGH1PLQHUDODFXPXODGRHQHO VXHOR VH PLGH GHQWUR GH XQ SHUtRGR GH WLHPSR GDGR\ FRQVLGHUDQGR ODV SpUGLGDV SRU OL[LYLDFLyQ GHVQLWULILFDFLyQ \ YRODWLOL]DFLyQ YHU PiV DEDMR  VH FDOFXOD XQ HIHFWR QHWR 

3XHGH KDEHU XQD JDQDQFLD PLQHUDOL]DFLyQ QHWD  R SpUGLGD GH 1PLQHUDO OD ~OWLPD FRQVWLWX\HQGRXQDLQPRYLOL]DFLyQQHWD

)LJXUD(OFLFORGHOQLWUyJHQR

)XHQWH5RZHOO 

1LWULILFDFLyQ HV OD R[LGDFLyQ GH 1DPRQLR DQLWULWR \ QLWUDWR SRU PLFURRUJDQLVPRV HVSHFtILFRV 1+ : 12 : 12 )LMDFLyQ GH 1 HV OD FRQYHUVLyQ GH 1 HQ OD DWPyVIHUD GHO VXHOR D 1+ SRU JUXSRV HVSHFLDOL]DGRV GHPLFURRUJDQLVPRV(O1+ HVHQWRQFHVDVLPLODGRD1RUJiQLFR (QHFRVLVWHPDVDJUtFRODVODDVRFLDFLyQVLPELyWLFDGHODVOHJXPLQRVDV \EDFWHULDVGHO JpQHUR 5KL]RELXP \%UDG\UKL]RELXPHVPX\LPSRUWDQWHFRQVLGHUDQGRODVFDQWLGDGHVGH1  ILMDGR 6X HTXLYDOHQWH HQ HFRVLVWHPDV IRUHVWDOHV OR FRQVWLWX\H OD DVRFLDFLyQ GHO DFWLQRPLFHWR )UDQNLD FRQSODQWDVQROHJXPLQRVDV $QJLRVSHUPDV  'HVQLWULILFDFLyQ HV OD SpUGLGD GH JDVHV QLWUyJHQR \ y[LGR QLWURVR GHVGH HO VXHOR EDMR FRQGLFLRQHVDQDHURELDV1LWUDWR\QLWULWRVRQUHGXFLGRV DHVWRVJDVHVSRUPLFURRUJDQLVPRV 12 \12 : 12: 1  1...
tracking img