Ciencia ficción - biohacker

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  • Publicado : 26 de febrero de 2011
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Biohacker
Biohacker es un término usado para describir a un individuo que experimenta con DNA y otros aspectos de la Genética, ambos dentro y fuera del ambiente corporativo, los laboratorios gubernamentales y/o académicos. El Biohacker es similar al Hacker de las computadoras quien tan solo cambia su elemento de trabajo: los bytes por las neuronas. Los avances exponencialesen la tecnología de la biología, la secuenciación del DNA así como la eficiencia al momento de sintetizar las bases de manera anualizada – igual que la Ley de Moore para los sistemas computacionales- ha creado una subcultura –los biohackers- quienes han incrementado el pensamiento y han hecho disponible el manejo de genes, así como la creación de nuevos genes con funciones verdaderamentesorprendentes.
Renombrados artistas, como Eduardo Kac, han hecho de los experimentos biotécnicos métodos de trabajo relacionados con los biohackers.

Biotecnología

Biotecnología es una tecnología basada en la biología, específicamente en la agricultura, las ciencias de la alimentación y alimentos, y la medicina.

De las diferentes definiciones disponibles, la Convención de la DiversidadBiológica de las Naciones Unidas formuló que: “Biotecnología significa cualquier aplicación tecnológica para uso de sistemas biológicos, organismos vivientes, o derivados de los mismos, para hacer o modificar productos o procesos para ese uso específico. (Artículo 2. Uso de definiciones.)

Or another definition can be: Biotechnology is the manipulation of organisms to do practical things and to provideuseful products.
One section of biotechnology is the directed use of organisms for the manufacture of organic products (examples include beer, milk products, and skin). Naturally present bacteria are utilized by the mining industry in bioleaching. Biotechnology is also used to recycle, treat waste, clean up sites contaminated by industrial activities (bioremediation), and produce biologicalweapons.
There are also applications of biotechnology that do not use living organisms. Examples are DNA microarrays used in genetics and radioactive tracers used in medicine.
Modern biotechnology is often associated with the use of genetically altered microorganisms such as E. coli or yeast for the production of substances like insulin or antibiotics. It can also refer to transgenic animals ortransgenic plants, such as Bt corn. Genetically altered mammalian cells, such as Chinese Hamster Ovarian (CHO) cells, are also widely used to manufacture pharmaceuticals. Another promising new biotechnology application is the development of plant-made pharmaceuticals.
Biotechnology is also commonly associated with breakthroughs in new medical therapies and diagnostic devices.

Sub-fields ofbiotechnology

There are a number of jargon terms for sub-fields of biotechnology.
Red biotechnology is biotechnology applied to medical processes. Some examples are the designing of organisms to produce antibiotics, and the engineering of genetic cures to cure diseases through genomic manipulation.
White biotechnology, also known as grey biotechnology, is biotechnology applied to industrial processes.An example is the designing of an organism to produce a useful chemical. White biotechnology tends to consume less in resources than traditional processes when used to produce industrial goods.
Green biotechnology is biotechnology applied to agricultural processes. An example is the designing of an organism to grow under specific environmental conditions or in the presence (or absence) ofcertain agricultural chemicals. One hope is that green biotechnology might produce more environmentally friendly solutions than traditional industrial agriculture. An example of this is the engineering of a plant to express a pesticide, thereby eliminating the need for external application of pesticides. Whether or not green biotechnology products such as this are ultimately more environmentally...
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