sections in the Publication Manual.)
Running head: EFFECTS OF AGE ON DETECTION OF EMOTION
Establishing a title, 2.01; Preparing the manuscript for submission, 8.03
Effects of Age on Detection of Emotional Information Christina M. Leclerc and Elizabeth A. Kensinger Boston College
Formatting the author name(byline) and institutional affiliation, 2.02, Table 2.1
Elements of an author note, 2.03 Author Note
as This research was supported by National Science Foundation AGE ON DETECTION OF to Running head: EFFECTS OF Grant BCS 0542694 awarded EMOTION Elizabeth A. Kensinger. nsinger.
Writing the abstract, 2.04
Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed toChristina M. Leclerc, Department Age differences were examined in affective processing, in the context of a visual search task. of Psychology, Boston College, McGuinn Hall, Room 512, 140 Commonwealth Avenue, Young and older adults were faster to detect high arousal images compared with low arousal and A Chestnut Hill, MA 02467. Email: email@example.com neutral items. Younger adults werefaster to detect positive high arousal targets compared with other categories. In contrast, older adults exhibited an overall detection advantage for emotional images compared with neutral images. Together, these findings suggest that older adults do not display valence -based effects on affective processing at relatively automatic stages. Keywords: aging, attention, information processing, emotion,visual search
Double-spaced manuscript, Times Roman typeface, 1-inch margins, 8.03
Paper adapted from “Effects of Age on Detection of Emotional Information,” by C. M. Leclerc and E. A. Kensinger, 2008, Psychology and Aging, 23, pp. 209–215. Copyright 2008 by the American Psychological Association.
Figure 2.1. Sample One-Experiment Paper (continued)
Running head: EFFECTS OFAGE ON DETECTION OF EMOTION 3
Writing the introduction, 2.05
Effects of Age on Detection of Emotional Information Frequently, people encounter situations in their environment in which it is impossible to attend to all available stimuli. It is therefore of great importance for one’s attentional processes to select only the most salient information in the environment to which one should attend.Previous research has suggested that emotional information is privy to attentional selection in young adults (e.g., Anderson, 2005; Calvo & Lang, 2004; Carretie, Hinojosa, Marin-Loeches, Mecado & Tapia, 2004; Nummenmaa, Hyona, & Calvo, 2006), an obvious service to evolutionary drives
Ordering citations within the same parentheses, 6.16
Selecting to approach rewarding situations and toavoid threat and danger (Davis & Whalen, 2001; Dolan the correct tense, 3.18 & Vuilleumier, 2003; Lang, Bradley, & Cuthbert, 1997; LeDoux, 1995).
For example, Ohman, Flykt, and Esteves (2001) presented participants with 3 × 3 visual
Numbers arrays with images representing four categories (snakes, spiders, flowers, mushrooms). In half expressed in words, the arrays, all nine images were from thesame category, whereas in the remaining half of the 4.32
arrays, eight images were from one category and one image was from a different category (e.g., 8 flowers and 1 snake). Participants were asked to indicate whether the matrix included a
Numbers that represent statistical or mathematical functions, 4.31
Use of hyphenation for compound words, 4.13, discrepant stimulus. Results indicatedthat fear- relevant images were more quickly detected than Table 4.1 ant fear-relevant r
fear-irrelevant items, a larger search facilitation effects were observed for participants who elevant and were fearful of the stimuli. A similar pattern of results has been observed when examining the arful Running head: EFFECTS OF AGE ON DETECTION OF EMOTION attention-grabbing nature of negative facial...