Comparative and superlative

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UNIVERSIDAD DE EL SALVADOR

FACULTAD DE CIENCIAS ECONÓMICAS

LIC. MERCADEO INTERNACIONAL

ENGLISH III

COMPARATIVE AND SUPERLATIVE ADJECTIVE

SOME RULES ABOUT FORMING COMPARATIVE ANDSUPERLATIVE
ADJECTIVE COMPARATIVE SUPERLATIVE



One syllable adjetives generally form the compartive by adding – er and the superlative by adding – est, e. g:

SOFT

SOFTER

THE SOFTESTCHEAP

CHEAPER

THE CHEAPEST

SWEET

SWEETER

THE SWEETEST

THIN

THINNER

THE THINNEST

SPELLING RULES
NOTE: That if a one syllable adjetive ends in a single vowel letter followedby a single sonsonant letter, the consonant letter is doubled e.g.:  Thin Thinner  Big Biggest




If an adjetive ends in e, this is removed when adding er, est , e.g.: Wide Wider Widest

If an adjetive end in a consonant followed by – y . Y is replaced by i when adding er, est, e.g.: Dry Drier Driest

TWO SYLLABLE ADJETIVES
Two syllable adjectives which end in- y usually formthe comparatives by adding: er and the superlatives by adding - est.  Note: The change of y to I in the comparative / superlative) e.g.:


ADJECTIVE LUCKY PRETTY TIDY

COMPARATIVE LUCKIERPRETTIER TIDIER

SUPERLATIVE THE LUCKIEST THE PRETTIEST THE TIDIEST

TWO SYLLABLE ADJETIVES
Two syllable adjectives ending in: ed- ing – ful or less.  Always form the comparative with more and thesuperlative with the most , e.g:

ADJECTIVE WORRIED BORING CAREFUL USELESS COMPARATIVE MORE WORRIED MORE BORING MORE CAREFUL MORE USELESS SUPERLATIVE THE MOST WORRIED THE MOST BORING THE MOSTCAREFUL THE MOST USELESS

THREE SYLLABLE ADJETIVE


Adjectives which have three or more syllable always form the comparative and superlative with more and the most, e.g.:
ADJECTIVE DANGEROUSDIFFICULT COMPARATIVE MORE DANGEROUS MORE DIFFICULT SUPERLATIVE THE MOST DANGEROUS THE MOST DIFFICULT



The only exceptions are some three syllable adjectives which have been formed by adding the...
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