How do we make comparisons in English?
When we talk about 2 things or people, we can compare them.
Example: A mouse is smaller than a cat
There are two ways to form a comparativeadjective in English:
1.- Short adjectives add ‘’ER’’ + than
2.-Long adjectives use ‘’MORE + adj. + than’’
Rich, strong, fat, slim…
Two-syllableadjectives ending in –y:
Happy, friendly, funny…
These adjectives adds ‘’ER’’:
If adjectives ends in ’’e’’ it onlyadd ‘’r’’:
If adjectives end in consonant+ vowel + consonant, it doubles the last consonant: Big- Bigger
If adjectives ends in ‘’y’’ , it changes to ‘’I’’ + ‘’er’’ ifpreceded by a consonant:
Happy – Happier
Two syllable adjectives not ending in ‘’y’’:
Rest adjectives of more than two syllables:
Expensive, talkative, etc…
Theseadjectives use MORE + adj + THAN:
Cell phones are more modern than telephones
Adjectives vs adverbs
It’s an easy language.
You can learn this language easily.
Themusic is slow
The pianist is playing slowy
Her ideas are interesting
She spoke interestingly about her ideas
Joe look hungry
Joe ate hungrily
What is the difference?
Adjectives are connected withnouns and pronouns. They usually tell you more about people and things. They can go before nouns, or after BE, look, etc
Adverbs are connected with verbs. They tell you how something happens/howsomeone does something
Using adverbs to make comparisons
Can you speak more quietly, please?
Angela writes more clearly than Ellie
To make the comparative of most adverbs we use ‘’more + adv +than’’
Early, late, fast, near and soon have comparatives with ‘’er’’ , like adjectives:
Earlier, faster, later, harder, nearer, sooner