Constructivismo

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  • Publicado : 23 de noviembre de 2010
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Procesos y estrategias de aprendizaje
CONSTRUCTIVISMO

Introducción
Fuimos a observar el instituto Nezaldi y entrevistamos a la maestra Fabiola Guzmán que es la coordinadora de preescolar. Durante la visita pudimos observar como ésta institución lleva acabo la implementación de la teoría que hemos aprendido en clase, la cual la describiremos en el siguiente trabajo.
Empezaremos con elmarco teórico de la teoría del constructivismo en la cual se explicaran los diferentes aspectos y conceptos de diferentes autores, para después pasar a la entrevista que realizamos a la maestra del Instituto Nezaldi para así poder comparar la teoría que ya analizamos y con la implementación de estas y lo que la coordinadora nos dijo.
En cuanto a nuestras conclusiones y nuestros aprendizajespersonales nos enfocaremos en nuestra perspectiva al hacer la comparación, nuestras opiniones, aprendizajes y nuestras recomendaciones.
Marco Teórico
Constructivism, has become an echo and a constantly speaking world in our days as students of Licenciatura en Ciencias de la Educación. At the beginning we thought it was just a movement in which teachers create a way of giving class, in whichthe students learn on their own. But with the recent research we find out more.
In the recent years constructivism has received a considerable attention and preparation. “Is an epistemology, a learning or meaning-making theory that offers an explanation of the nature of knowledge and how human beings learn. It maintains that individuals create or construct their own new understandings orknowledge through the interaction of what they already know and believe and the ideas, events, and activities with which they come in contact.” (Cannella & Reiff, 1994; Richardson, 1997). Constructivism is based in the belief that the learning will happened while the students or learners are actively involving in the process of construction. The students give a meaning and knowledge to this movementbecause with this they start creating critical thinking, motivation and independent students.
“We have to recognize that there is no such thing as knowledge "out there" independent of the knower, but only knowledge we construct for ourselves as we learn. Learning is not understanding the "true" nature of things, nor is it (as Plato suggested) remembering dimly perceived perfect ideas, but rathera personal and social construction of meaning out of the bewildering array of sensations which have no order or structure besides the explanations (and I stress the plural) which we fabricate for them.” So constructivism is not just a model that can be use in class, it’s also a way of living because in our daily life it’s common to try to find the true of things to find why things happen in someway. Because we try to construct our own knowledge as we live.
It’s important to mention that the constructivism follows the pre-requisites of knowledge to construct above them, the philosopher Giambattista Vico, said that humans can understand only what they constructed by themselves so we can said that its important this movement. We have a lot of important constructivism theories: Jean Piaget,John Dewey, Bruner, just to mention some of them.
“For Dewey, knowledge emerges only from situations in which learners have to draw them out of meaningful experiences, Piaget's constructivism is premised on his view of the psychological development of children that go through stages in which they accept ideas they may later discard as wrong, Bruner, learning is a social process, whereby studentsconstruct new concepts based on current knowledge.” It’s important to say that the students when they select the information to construct the hypotheses and make decisions for the mental construction the cognitive structures provide meaning and organization to experience. This is because everybody wants to transcend the boundaries of what they had given and try out for more.
Why the...
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