Consumo en china

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CHINA’S THIRST FOR OIL
Asia Report N°153 – 9 June 2008

TABLE OF CONTENTS EXECUTIVE SUMMARY AND RECOMMENDATIONS................................................. i I. INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................. 1 II. CHINESE ENERGY USE AND POLICYMAKING.................................................... 2
A.ENERGY PROFILE ........................................................................................................................2 1. Production.............................................................................................................................2 2.Consumption.........................................................................................................................3 B. ENERGY SECURITY .....................................................................................................................4 C. ENERGY INSTITUTIONS AND POLICYMAKING...............................................................................5 1. Governmentstructures..........................................................................................................5 2. The draft energy law.............................................................................................................7 3. Local-national tensions.........................................................................................................9

III. HOW AND WHERE CHINA INVESTS ...................................................................... 10
A. GOINGOUT...............................................................................................................................10 B. HOW CHINA INVESTS ................................................................................................................12 1. Financing............................................................................................................................12 2. The structure of national oil companies..............................................................................14 3. Aid and oil policy ...............................................................................................................16 C. CHINA’S ROLE IN INTERNATIONAL AGENCIES ..........................................................................17 1.IEA......................................................................................................................................17 2. The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation............................................................................19 3. World Trade Organisation (WTO) .....................................................................................19 4. OECD Export CreditArrangement ....................................................................................20 5. Energy Charter Treaty ........................................................................................................20

IV. THE IMPACT ON CONFLICT – TWO CASE STUDIES........................................ 21
A. SUDAN......................................................................................................................................22 1. Energy.................................................................................................................................22 2. China’s energy relationship with Sudan .............................................................................23 3. The conflict in Darfur.........................................................................................................25 B. IRAN .........................................................................................................................................31 1. Energy.................................................................................................................................31 2. China’s energy relationship with...
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