Contract killing

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  • Publicado : 23 de julio de 2010
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Contract killing is a form of assassination, in which one party hires another party to kill a target individual or group of people. It involves an illegal agreement between two parties in which one party agrees to kill the target in exchangefor consideration, monetary ("blood money"), or otherwise. The hiring party may be a single person, a group of people, a company, or any other kind of organization. The hired party may also be one person, such as a hitman, or a group of people, or an organization.
In the United States, the United Kingdom, and many other countries, a contract to kill a person is void, meaning that it is not legallyenforceable. Any contract to commit an indictable offense is not enforceable. Furthermore, both the actual killer and the person who paid the killer can be found guilty of murder. In some U.S. jurisdictions with capital punishment, a contract killing may be a special circumstance that allows for a murder to be tried as a federal crime.
Contract killing provides the hiring party with theadvantage of not having to be directly involved in the killing. This makes it more difficult to connect that party with the murder.
Throughout history and in many different parts of the world, contract killing has been associated with organized crime and also vendettas. For example, in recent United States history, the gang Murder, Inc., which committed hundreds of murders in the 1920 to the 1940s onbehalf of the National Crime Syndicate, is a well-known example of a contract killer.
A study by the Australian Institute of Criminology of 162 attempted or actual contract murders in Australia between 1989 and 2002 indicated that the most common reason for contract killing was "the dissolution of an intimate relationship". The studyalso found that the average payment for a "hit" was $12,700 and that the most commonly used weapons were firearms. Contract killings accounted for 2% of murders in Australia during that time period. Contract killings make up a relatively similar percentage of all killings elsewhere. For example, they made up about 5% of all murders in Scotland from 1993 to 2002.
The assassin, is the final performerof the objective of to murder or to learn somebody; that which makes him highly vulnerable for the watering that he runs when it makes the illicit one and also because it finishes being the weakest link in the process, as long as in general he doesn't know to the contracting party, neither to the middleman, neither to the victim (actors shared).
The assassin is a young type that has beenrecruited of former policemen's sectors, former military, drug dealers, private guards, bodyguard, guerillas fighters, racketeers, paramilitary, brigades mires, among others. These people can be hired in an individual way in certain neighborhoods, discos, taverns, billiards, brothels and until for Internet; and also through the organized crime under the form divide, that which guarantees the work andthe immunity. Lastly the victim is that depending on the "justice" that wants to impart the contracting party, it can be defined in two types: one linked to the organized crime (drug traffic), where the victim's profile depends on the place in that it is located inside the labor market (judge, police, magistrate, journalist or political), constituting that is inside the call in general "publicorder"; and the other one, he can be any person that has an interdict with another. That is to say that the victim is defined according to the relationship that has with the contracting party and her interests.
The definition of the violence through the crime concept; that is to say, if it doesn't consist in the penal code it doesn't exist neither it has penalty. For it the contract killing is...
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